The existence of water on earth brought life on planet earth. The presence of water on the planet makes earth distinctive and make it able to sustain life due to its unique chemistry. About 70% of earth surface covered with water and is home to diverse range of species and sustain fragile as well as robust ecosystems. Let’s talk about the importance of water on land, as we think about land the first thing came to our mind is the human being than animals and plants.so water is considered to be fundamental need of all living being. Water gave rise to first civilization, farmers rely on water for their agricultural activities so they get access to the reservoir of water via irrigation system and meet with countries food needs by producing cereal as well as contributes in generating countries revenue by growing cash crops. Let’s makes a long story short if the water is the basic necessity of life then why a significant number of people are deprived of enjoying the taste of pure water why they don’t have access to crystal clear water.
Each human needs about 20 liters of water a day for the basics like washing, cooking and drinking. But there are numerous places around the world where people get five liters of water or less to live on .the countries like Africa specifically Eastern Africa. In china, the water is becoming a next big issue after air pollution.in Pakistan Thar is a region that was the victim of droughts since three years even people locked the pitchers in order to avoid theft of water.
Why is it so, some places have the little amount of water or what will be the situation in future. Would we have access to the single drop of water or not? According to some experts, 1.6 billion people have more access to clear drinking water than twenty years ago. It’s mean more proportion of population around the world must enjoy the sweetness of crystal clear water but the situation is completely opposite. Let’s find out the reason, the growing population, industrial activities and climate change are the main drivers of water scarcity. As our earth gets warmer, more rainfall is being expected because warm air can hold more moisture so as a result weather pattern shifts, the regions that receive less rainfall now may have more rainfall. For examples the countries like southern Europe and Northern Africa and some parts of Australia will receive less rainfall, on the other hand, the countries like India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh during the season monsoon may receive heavy rainfall that leads to more runoff or floods that eventually meet up into a saline water and become useless. As the earth surface getting warm day by day, it stimulate the glacier melting and increase precipitation rate around the globe resulting in more floods as water evaporates from the deep soil layers leading to desert like condition or accelerate droughts, on the other hand growing population adds as farmers pumped more water to produce more crops in order to meet food requirements so the extraction or consumption of ground fresh water is beyond permissible limits other the factor that adds to this devastating activity is urbanization as we are trying to develop gigantic infrastructure and paved our muddy path and turned them into lustrous and wide highways eventually ends up with no infiltration of rainwater that is the major source of ground water. Scarcity has resulted from the difference between the rate of recharging and extraction of ground water. The other biggest reason that depletes the existing treasures is the industrial activities that not only contaminate the rivers but also gives rise to many serious health effects, so ultimately the blue water become useless as it turns into a black colored hazardous water of no value. The scarcity of water resources getting serious after every single day passes. As we taken into account the current scenario, we can say that the prediction of future conflicts on water scarcity may have higher probabilities to become true.
The developed countries can find many ways to cope up with this water shortage as by installing desalination plants but in developing countries, the consequences are proving to be profound. Try to conserve it and Make sure that every single drop of water should be used up in a righteous way because tiny blue droplet which is not important for u today may become as precious and expensive as diamond tomorrow so think about it?