One of the major causes of poverty in Pakistan is environmental degradation. Because it affects and causes in the reduction of natural resources such as air, water, and soil; besides in Pakistan, there is the high destruction of ecosystems, habitat destruction, deforestation, the extinction of wildlife and pollution. Thousands of people’s sources of income are associated with ecosystems. If it is depleted where then those poor people will go?
The depletion of natural environmental resources have no doubt caused unprecedented rainfall, cyclones, flooding, earthquakes, drought and such other climatic roars that hamper the economic progress of the Pakistan. This, we also have been observing since last two to three decades.
The extreme conditions of the weather in Pakistan like the floods and heavy rains in 1992, 2003, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013 and 2015. Besides cyclone in 1999, the earthquake in 2005, and an ongoing drought-like situation in the desert of the Thar have significantly affected not only the socio-economic situation but also have damaged infrastructure at enormous scale.
The effects of environmental degradation on the economy are irreversible and it is the less touched challenge in Pakistan. The government does not take environmental degradation as a critical issue.
We are an agrarian developing country where about 24pc GDP depends on the agriculture sector. But unfortunately, due to environmental degradation, our economy is encountering huge losses in the sector.
We already are running short of forested areas and the other hand there is the destruction of remaining forested areas, wetlands are being polluted due to disposing of waste water in it, grasslands and pastures have been reduced and agricultural lands are being decayed due to increasing water-logging. Moreover, owing to the environmental dilapidation, several species of birds and plants have become rare. The fish stock in the wetlands has been depleted – the communities who used to depend on fishing are migrated to the semi-urban settlements.
Due to the severe consequences of environmental degradation, we are facing the problems of land degradation, erosion, and super-flooding this destruction ultimately affects the overall national economy and mostly poor and marginalized communities are affected.
There is no role of forestation in GDP of Pakistan; even forestation in Pakistan is on alarmingly declining. Besides, our environmental degradation is ultimately affecting our overall economic spectrum.
According to the findings of Word Bank in partnership with National Disaster Management Authority, the Ministry of Finance, the securities and exchange commission of Pakistan, the provincial disaster management authorities and the provincial finance departments in 2015 stated that Pakistan causes 3 to 4pc economic loss on the federal budget due to flooding and heavy rains.
The report further analyzes that the annual economic impact of flooding is estimated between US $ 1.2 billion and US $ 1.8 billion, equivalent to between 0.5pc and 0.8pc of national GDP; however simulations show that a major flood event (occurring, on average, once every 100 years) could cause losses in excess of US $ 15.5 billion, which equates to around 7pc of national GDP, equivalent to almost 40pc of the Federal Budget.
According to the Global Climate Risk Index (2017) by Germanwatch indicates that Pakistan is at the high global climate risk it is at number 7th. The risks globally have been analyzed between 1996 up to 2015. Furthermore, the report says that Pakistan has faced 133 natural disaster events, where there is 0.647pc loss in GDP and the total loss in million is US$ 3823.17.
This is a very alarming issue in Pakistan and in future can cause lots of humans as well as economic loss. Awareness at the very grassroots level should be initiated. The government should make such a mechanism which could help people understand the importance of environmental degradation. The forestation movements need to be initiated. The students in universities, colleges and schools should be sensitized about increasing environmental degradation and they should be motivated to plan trees.
Livelihood is a short eight letter word which has a huge and a wide meaning. Livelihood is defined as “means of securing basic necessities of life such as food, shelter, and clothes.” We, humans, are in a constant race of acquiring the so-called “livelihood” by any means by hook or by crook! But pause for a moment and let us think that are we not in the race which should actually not begin only? Are we not following a bandwagon? Yes, answer’s surely going to be on the affirmative side.
When it’s a discussion about making a world greener, we must know that livelihood has one of the major impacts on making the world greener and making a place where we can actually live. “Live and let others live.” is one of the mottoes always taught in our school days but we humans on becoming a so called adult, join in the tradition of acquiring each and everything from a pin to plane, besides what livelihood we need.
With a rapidly growing population and increased pressure on land bases to provide for the needs of people, forests are vital resources for firewood, nontimber forest products, and timber for national and international markets.
The basic things which are required for a man to maintain his existence is a piece of cloth, shelter, and food to survive. But today’s scenario is a “brother killing a brother” and a person killing his own child for the food. Entering the golden 21st century is this what which suits us? Is it not a big question mark on today’s society?
“The world has enough for everyone’s need, but not enough for everyone’s greed.” – Mahatma Gandhi
Yes! The quotation depicts the reality of our today’s cement and concrete life. We all for our purpose are destroying the gift of the natural beauty, mountains, rivers, and a long list follows. “Greed eats all” is the proverb which proves to today’s man. In the name of urbanization, industrialization, etc we all are in a rush to achieve our big dreams forgetting the only earth which we have.
Global warming has its foot on its head, increasing at an alarming rate. Ozone layer depletion is also one of the major problems. Due to global warming, the glaciers are melting down which has caused many problems in major part of the world.
Illiteracy is in the sense of not having knowledge about environment, it’s importance and ways to protect. Population explosion is also one of the serious issues which need to be thrown a limelight. Due to population explosion, there is an increase in demand which in turn causes harmful effects on the environment. This all forms a part of our livelihood. In our daily life also we throw waste, pollute water and air. Vehicles, industries all play an important role in
Vehicles, industries all play an important role in degradation of environment. Our mentality, orthodox nature and superstition also play a role in causing harm to nature. There are deep roots of destruction of what man has created through his way of living which needs to be eradicated.
We normally follow the tag ‘Money matters’ but we need to think from deep inside is it is true? With money, we can buy everything but can we buy a new world?
Out of 75% of total water on earth, there is only 3% of pure water present. Of that 3% Fresh Water, 70% is locked in glaciers, 29% is found underground in aquifers and 1% is found in lakes, rivers, & streams
Looking into the increasing world population and careless use of pure water in different areas of the world which puts further check on the future of human lives, Scientists have already predicted horrible stats about the near future of world related to water scarcity and developing world regions will be the primary target of water issues. Pakistan lies in the region of developing states and it faced severe water crises in last two to three decades. The shameful part of the journey is that despite the fact that immense negative effect of water crises in Pakistan, counting from economy up to the lower level of individual lives, everything remains under short of the target. Country agriculture sector which is known as the backbone of our economy. It offers almost 40% of national employments but it is declining due to seriousness in the crises of water in the whole country. Moreover, according to the Pakistan’s economic survey, Agricultural contribution in the overall economic muscles remain to contain up to less the 19% and cost 0.5 percent negative decline in the budget.
No doubt the current time has proven bitter for many development states in to cope with water crises but Pakistan has God gifted natural resources from every perspective. If we look into the overall water resources which Pakistan have, anybody can clearly assume that where the fault lies.
Globally there is 3395 MAF of water present.Whole Asian region has 5900 MAF water Pakistan shares it 145 MAF in the south Asian region.
In a whole year, only 20% of water remains available for use from 15 June up to 15 September and after this period the remaining water flow in the foam of floods which causes the destruction of the canal system in the whole country. 80% of water is getting wasted every year due to lack of reserving capacity. Out of total reserved water, agricultural sector consumes up to 90% water of the system and reaming percent of water get distribute among domestic and industrial sectors. System loss is also one of the major flaws in order to reserve enough water. Evaporation process of water add further resistance to the overall water reserving capacity Distribution of water among provinces also remains an issue of attention but Government established Haleem commission in 1991 which solved the reservation of provinces over water distribution.
According to the commission respective percentage of water been allotted to provinces and it was a successful accord in order to solve the contempt of provinces against one another.
Punjab 55%, Sindh 48.76% KPK 8.7% Baluchistan 3.8% (ISRA)
Currency of the issue
The country is facing the burden of economic down fall. Textile agricultural sectors are completely out capacity in order to perfume on standard bases. Major investing groups are approaching for the alternative to shifting their capital abroad anywhere. In short past time, Bangladesh proved to be the better alternative option for the textile sector from Pakistan. There is a lack of water reservoirs and Pakistan has not enough capacity to reserve water for more than 20 days, unlike India which is increasing its water reserving capacity day by day and currently India have the capacity to reserve water for more than 120 days.
The government should have to focus on the construction of small and middle level of water reservoirs in the whole country. It’s much needed to increase the capacity of river water storage from 10 % up to 20 or 25% in the future.
World Bank Report on Water and Power Resources of West Pakistan by Peter Lieftinck (1969)
“Pakistan should be building at least one reservoir for storage of about 6 MAF of water every decade in the foreseeable future.’’
Canal water is short due to increasing cropping intensity (130% in 1988 to 175% at present). Agricultural downfall is also alarming for the future requirement of food in the country. Up till now, the government has not come with any alternative policies in order to change the mood of cultivation and do some experiment to cultivate different crops which can be suitable for seasonal conditions and consume less water. Israel has banned the cultivation of potato because it consumes more water to grow. Same as Pakistan can come up with the different alternative option to lessen the waste of water and save more.
Since water issue is becoming a bottle neck for our national security. There is need to compromise on the ethical and provincial contempt and join the collective struggle to find out the solution of our national issues there water is one of the major and it yields further problems. There is enough water present under the ground. Tube well and home underground well water system should be formulated for the means to overcome water crises in backward areas of the country. There should be proper treatment of water pipeline to avoid waste of water through the system.
Furthermore, it’s very must to create awareness in public that how water is important for their lives and how it means to their future because without creating the culture of water saving among the general public, it fails to struggle to implement any policy and get desired result. The active participating of the public can support government planning process to avoid growing question to our national origin due to water crises.
A Committee of Chief Ministers under Council of Common Interests (CCI) to deal with water issues especially construction of new water storages
- Rationalization of water pricing
- Regulation of sub-soil water extraction
- Canal lining
- Action plan for the treatment of effluent generated by industry, agriculture & municipal use
- Strengthening IRSA
- Adoption of latest technologies in consultation with Provinces to bring transparency and access to all on water issues