Water covers 70% of Earth’s surface. Yet only a tiny fraction of Earth’s water is the accessible freshwater we need to live, grow food, sustain the environment, and power our cities and jobs. Growing cities and populations and a changing climate are placing unprecedented pressures on water. According to the World Economic Forum, water crises are among the top risks to global economic growth. For at least 650 million people, even the water they are able to find is unsafe.
But this also offers an opportunity to provide safer water and better manage our water resources for a more resilient future.In Africa, an estimated 40 billion working hours are spent fetching water, usually by women (UN Development Programme). Better access to safer water frees up time, enhances health and offers the potential for new opportunities.
Most job creators rely heavily on water for their day to day business, if not as an actual ingredient in the products they sell. Those jobs are dependent on a steady supply of clean water, and thus have a stake in better, more sustainable water resource management. Today, almost half of the word’s 1.5 billion workers are working in water related sectors and nearly all jobs depend on water and those that ensure its safe delivery.
Some products are highlighted that explains the interlinkages between water and economic development.
- “Analysis, monitoring and evaluation, and special interventions are required to ensure that women benefit from the economic opportunities that water generates.”
- “In the past five years, more than 50% of the world’s power utility and energy companies have experienced water-related business impacts. At least two-thirds indicate that water is a substantive risk to business operations. As the world’s population reaches 9 billion, competing demand for water from other sectors is expected to grow, potentially exacerbating the issue.
- “The benefits from meeting the water supply and sanitation (WSS) targets combined equal over US$60 billion annually. The main contributor to benefits from universal coverage of WSS is the value of time savings from closer access and reduced queuing for sanitation and water supply facilities, which account for more than 70% of total benefits globally. ”
- “Improved Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) access may influence nutrition outcomes by increasing the productivity of home gardens, leading to more nutritious food intake, and enabling more time and resources for caregiving by reducing time spent fetching water and caring for sick children and time and costs associated with seeking health treatment.
As we all know that we have been observing a lot of changes in the climate, our climatic conditions are not the same as they were a few years before. There is much increase in the hotness in summer and the duration of summer has also been prolonged very much which has ultimately decreased the duration of winter.
A country must have 25% of the forest contributing area but Pakistan has only 4% of the forest area which is depleting very fast because of market trade purpose causing another reason for a change in climate. Moreover, the glaciers have been melting causing floods due to which crops have been affecting and leading towards the food insecurity. Because of the huge change in climate, the most affecting and alarming situation is of food insecurity.There is a direct influence of the climate on the crops. Most of the area which has been hit by the floods is not recoverable since yet. But the remaining area can be prevented from the floods or the precautionary measures can be taken to minimize the impact of floods on the crops.
The Government, farmers and the experts should also take initiatives to make the land capable of raising of crops. The government can involve the experts to find out the possible solutions in order to solve the problem and introduce the ways that are most convenient and have the most drastic impact on the situation. The government can further take initiative to aware the people either by using media or the government servants to do efforts in this context. The efforts should be drawn for the farmers and help them to overcome the impact of climate change on the crops so that the issue of food insecurity can be solved to some extent.
Climate change is one of the most threatening and alarming issue grasping the focus of attention of everyone towards itself. It is the issue that must have to be addressed as early as possible or alternative measures should be taken to minimize its impact on livelihood. According to a survey, Pakistan is the 8th most affected country from this miserable situation and at the same time, it is the 3rd most vulnerable country in terms of climate change.
The factors that contribute mainly to climate change are a lack of social awareness and overuse of technology. People are not aware that how the overuse of technology is making a big disaster. The gasses produces from the automobiles is depleting the ozone layer which is a protective layer protecting us from the harmful rays coming towards us. Due to the depletion of the layer, the harmful rays come towards the earth, some of the solar radiation reflects back into space and the small portion is absorbed by the Earth that creates our atmosphere. Because of this absorption of rays, the temperature of the earth has been increased two to three folds if compared with the previous five to six years. This change in temperature has decreased the duration of winter and increased the duration of summer. Not only the duration has increased but the temperature is also very much high in summer. The amount of rainfall has also been decreased very much.
The change in climate is affecting the health of people. A warmer climate leads to higher levels of some air pollutants and more extreme weather conditions. It also increases the ranges of transmission of infectious diseases through contaminated water and unhealthy food.
Moreover, it is causing a big issue for the food security as it is drying the lands and impacting on the production of crops.
The possible solutions that can minimize the impact of climate are reduced reuse and recycle, use water efficiently, use less heat and air conditioning, drive less and encourage others to conserve.
Sindhi Culture derived from the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. This culture is under the influence of Sufi policies and canon. There are many fascinating items in Sindh which are adored by people from all parts of the world. For instance, the embroidered dresses, handmade stuff, Sindhi hand embroidery and much more.
As we know, Sindh is no longer a part of India, no work on Indian embroidery can be complete without mention of the handwork in Sindh. Sindh has absorbed many influences which are naturally reflected in embroidery. It was conquered by the Arabs and has geographical proximity to Baluchistan, Punjab, and Kutch. The interlacing stitch works over a laid foundation of threads and is widely used in Sindh. The stitch appeared very early in Germany and Middle East from where it was probably brought to Sindh by the Arabs who were great disseminators of culture.
Sindhi Embroidery Pattern was oriented from Thar Parkar and its neighboring Districts. The design used are mostly abstract and formalized representations of flowers, foliage, worked in primary color using the mainly satin stitch.
The most creative practitioners of this style are the women of Meghwal, leather workers by profession and caste who are centered on the Thar Parker District of Sindh. Their most work includes marriage cholis, purses, and bukhanis. Their work is of two types either profusely floral and disguised bird designs, mostly on a red ground incremented with mirrors and beaded and metal thread work on a black background.
Sindhi hand embroidery is not specifically practiced in Sindh but also other regions of India such as Kutch and Kathiawar. The designs of Sindhi embroidery are mostly chevrons and checks giving them a stylishly classic as well as traditional look which is sometimes created in bird or flower form.