Climate is Changing

Climatic change impacts rising sea levels. Average sea level around the world rose about 8 inches (20 cm) in the past 100 years; climate scientists expect it to rise more and more rapidly in the next 100 years as part of climate change impacts.

So when we think about our own country , Pakistan is also from one of these countries who faces bitter impact in the future ,due to hot weather , glaciers are melting day by day .

Due to carbon emissions temperature of Pakistan increases day by day and it’s too much alarming for us , if we can’t control it , it will be so much disturbing for us.

As we all know Pakistan is one of the most vulnerable countries especially we have limited , resources to cope up with natural and man made disasters.

So we have to think about this issue seriously, climatic change policy can help there a lot, still provincial level policy is pending , but federal policy for climatic change is approved.

Govt. took great initiative as per Paris conference regarding climate change; here we as individual can take few measures. we have to plant few plants.

Take preventive measures to cope up with disaster, both tangible and non tangible.

On other hand we select different species in term of agriculture field, the crops must be climatic resistant .That vary thing helps countries economy a lot. Small holder farmers can take benefits from this, so just awareness required in that regard.

If we do it timely we not only save our lives but also safe the future of our coming generation , I assure you I will be the part of this theme yes green Pakistan , Unique Pakistan.Thanks God for giving us nice country.

Desertification and Climate Change Dera Ghazi Khan

As we knew District Dera Ghazi Khan Punjab Pakistan is one of those districts that are situated in the strip of “Koh e Suleman and Indus River” certainly this district is earthly minded by multiple disasters due to climate stress gradually increasing. This climate stress increase the temperature and weather routine. This climate change leads to threats of of desertification and drought with food insecurity in District Dera Ghazi Khan.

Desertification means land degradation in the dry lands, which are technically known as arid, semi-arid and sub-humid areas. It is a gradual process of soil productivity loss and the thinning out of the vegetative cover that occurs as a result of human activities and climatic variations such as prolonged droughts and floods.

Desertification control is defined as “activity involving the integrated development of land in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid zones with the objective of sustainable development, aimed at preventing and/or reducing land degradation, repairing partially degraded land, and at restoring desertified lands.

The desertification parallel causing food insecurity in District Dera Ghazi Khan Punjab Pakistan could be reducing by taken measures as under:
1. Reforestation and tree regeneration.
2. Introduction of xerophytes plants and tree.
3. Efficient use of water — management, saving, reuse of treated water, rainwater harvesting, desalination, or direct use of seawater for salt-loving plants and by introducing drip and sprinkler irrigation systems.
4. Fixating the soil through the use of sand fences, shelter belts, woodlots and windbreaks
5. Enrichment and hyper-fertilizing of soil through planting
6. Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR), enabling native sprouting tree growth through selective pruning of shrub shoots.
7. The residue from pruned tress can be used to provide mulching for fields thus increasing soil water retention and reducing evaporation.

Hepatitis C, Its Causes & preventions

Hepatitis C is a liver infection caused by virus (HCV). Hepatitis C is a blood-borne virus. Today, most people become infected with the Hepatitis C virus by sharing needles or other equipment to inject drugs. For some people, hepatitis C is a short-term illness but for 70%–85% of people who become infected with Hepatitis C, it becomes a long-term, chronic infection. Chronic Hepatitis C is a serious disease than can result in long-term health problems, even death. The majority of infected persons might not be aware of their infection because they are not clinically ill. There is no vaccine for Hepatitis C. The best way to prevent Hepatitis C is by avoiding behaviors that can spread the disease, especially injecting drugs.

Symptoms and signs are

a)      Elevated liver enzymes in the blood

b)      Weakness

c)      Loss of appetite

d)      Weight loss

e)      Breast enlargement in men (gynecomastia)

f)       Redness of the palms

g)      Difficulty with the clotting of blood

h)      Spider-like blood vessels on the skin

i)        Abdominal pain

j)        Clay colored stools

k)      Bleeding from the esophagus

l)        Fluid in the abdomen

m)   Yellow skin and eyes (jaundice)

n)      Confusion

o)      Coma

Hepatitis C is not transmitted by breast-milk. However, a child may be inheritably affected by mother at the time of birth.

A very small number of cases of hepatitis C are transmitted through sexual intercourse. Poor infection control practices during tattooing and body piercing potentially can lead to spread of infection. There have been some outbreaks of hepatitis C when instruments exposed to blood have been re-used without adequate cleaning and sterilization between patients.Hepatitis C can be transmitted from an organ donor to an organ recipient. Donors of organs are tested for hepatitis C.

Hepatitis C is one of several viruses that cause hepatitis (inflammation of the liver).About 0.3% people are estimated to be currently infected with hepatitis C in the Multan district.

Several tests for diagnose are available to measure the amount of hepatitis C virus in a person’s blood (the viral load). The hepatitis C virus’s RNA can be identified by a type of test called polymerase chain reaction (PCR) that detects circulating virus in the blood as early as 2-3 weeks after infection, so it can be used to detect suspected acute infection with hepatitis C early infection.

Hepatitis C infection can cause the body to produce abnormal antibodies called cry globulins. Cry globulins cause inflammation of arteries (vasculitis). This may damage skin, joints, and kidneys. Patients with cryglobulinemia (cry globulins in the blood) may have

a)      joint pain,

b)      arthritis,

c)      a raised purple rash on the legs, and

d)      Generalized pain or swelling of their bodies.

Primary ways to control

  • Not sharing household items
  • Do not inject drugs
  • Eat a diet low in saturated and no trans-fat.
  • Drink 8 to 12 eight ounces of water daily,
  • Reduce sugar and high sodium foods.
  • Exercising regularly
  • Avoid fried foods.
  • Eat lots of fresh vegetables and fruits, choose organic if possible.
  • adhering to medication
  • taking an active role in medical care
  • Not using alcohol

One way flow- Mcdonaldization, The cultural Diversity

Being a 90’s child I have risen up in a society where the great transformation happened in all ways. I remember the time when we had one PTCL phone that was used by our four to five families at a time and also was pride to share it with neighbors while they need it. I have seen those times when schools had very limited subjects to teach and universities were a dream to get in. In my childhood I never thought of the phenomena that why and how things get faster and better, it was fantasy to see personal computers turning into laptop and those laptops into wrist watch computers which is a good thing anyways.

Few things about world system remind me questioned that how the mini burger stalls are overlap by KFC , Mcdonald, burger king etc, and how we convinced ourselves to eat those international brands ? Remember when first time you entered in McDonalds? How was your feel to be there? Honestly may be you found yourself unfit to the environment but visiting that place repeatedly you got familiar to the way McDonald required. The English song, the cozy surrounding the unique perfume and tempting food changed our mind sets from the past 15 years like never before.

All this is not because of mild chicken burgers but importantly due to the mcDonaldization which is a one way flow from the American and European societies. McDonaldization alone is worthless until it is not attach with globalization or we could say mcdoladiztion is a part of globalization. Many around the world are at benefit with the emergence of both together but many on other hand remain still deprived due to decline of local values. According to the world system theory the core and semi periphery countries have used globalization to make periphery countries grow up and at the same time not to grow up with local brands and remain intact with international brands to meet international standards of living which is again not a bad idea but what about the economic growth of third world countries which have stuck into providing raw material to the first world nations as a tradition to earn money.

The one way flow doesn’t mean only food but it is about so many other things includes culture, traditions, life style, education, harmony, art, language etc. Since rapid globalization around the world has created space for nations to bring their culture in other nations and break this one way flow, as we see migration of hundred and thousands of people for various purposes to live in other countries that has mix up all the colors.

A recent example is a decorated and designed truck of Pakistani culture in America that is attracted by most of the Americans these days. The impacts of mcDonaldization are hard to evaluate in this modernization era where every social setup has mixed up with other and created examples of “Uniqueness in diversity”.

Merit of this rapid process has saved a lot of time and that was earlier spent to complete a task but what about rest of the time that is spent on social apps, merits of mcdonaldization says that one burger is equal to one meal that was earlier served with chapatti, curry and full salads as a requirement to full the belly, it absolutely time saving alternate but what about the production market of wheat and maize which has declined due to high consumption of burger food. Merits are attach with demerits and could not evaluate in isolation. Fast music in a fast food restaurant has fasten the minds but this only prevails in few classes of society e:g upper class,upper middle class and middle class rest of all are rest in peace or trying to access the fast food restaurants with average credits in hand.

Globalization is a global process that has produced harmonies among life styles of all the nations around, yet many languages, cultures, social identities, ethnicities are burnt into burry and have no place on planet. We should accept the diversity and one way flow but should keep our nationalities in flow as well so that globalization can bought well for all.