Sustainable Intensification

Climate Change and Food Security:

Environment is just like a home for us. Where we live, breath, eat and get benefits of living. Our resources are entangled in our surroundings which we are using enormously with increasing population. People do not take it seriously as today’s changing climate is showing off. People think that climate change is not personal but it a basic need to deliver that message home that it is as important as food. Climate change is becoming furious for farmers and agricultural services.

Farmers are doing day and night in producing food for over increasing population. Closer look reveals the climate change impacts on weather pattern will have many adverse affects on environment that will threaten the food security around the globe.

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Tara Garnett, head of Food Climate Research Network, based at the University of Oxford’s Environmental change Institute concluded “Producing more food does not necessarily reduce the food security issue; food security is multi-dimensional”.

Sustainable intensification is necessary for the survival of future generation. It is the maximum production of food from existing farmland by minimizing the impacts of changing climate. The idea of sustainable intensification is best but not enough to tackle this extreme situation. There must be other circumstances such as availability of food, affordability of food and available of area. Sustainable intensification is actually focused on those people where the largest food gaps are present and where the community’s needs are more dependent on agriculture. But the question is this that how much food? And from where it is needed? Do they have sufficient resources to cope up with intensified production?

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This picture is telling a very deep thought. Observe and learn

Shift of natural food to processed food is increasing in developing counties. People have more reliance on edible oil and sugar sweetened beverages. This is increasing malnutrition among children which is a burden over economy and social living. Rapid increase in over weight and obesity status among urban and rural areas from sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia’s poorest countries have been documented, putting them at risk of diabetes and heart disease (Popkin et al, 2013). The profound message indicates that accessibility of more food doesn’t necessary increase the food security but can cause more harm than good.

 ” SUSTAINABLE INTENSIFICATION IS IMPORTANT AND ESSENTIAL MEAN OF ADAPTING TO CLIMATE  CHANGE. IT IS NECESSARY FOR INCREASING THE LEADERSHIP SKILLS AND INTENSIFIED PRODUCTION”

True, Sustainable intensification is one of the many solutions that can ensure food security and challenges of feeding 9 billion by 2050. What are your views and questions about dealing with climate change by sustainable intensification? We should keep raising questions to solve the puzzle of climate change or food security.

Climate change and its Crises

 

Climate change is a most concerned topic these days. It is a real and known fact that our earth is experiencing more warmth in 2016 than back years. Scientists are trying hard to extract the evidence about such increased temperature. Some studies show that climate change is a result of human activities but still surety about it is unsure. 

American Association for Advancement of Science claimed that scientific evidence is real; “global climate change is occurring now due to human activities and it is serious threat on society” (AAAS Board statement on climate change 2006).

Earth temperature increased this year 1.05C above the (1951-1980) average. It is claimed that June 2016 was the most warmth month in record. 375 members of National Academy of Sciences sign an open letter expressing frustration at political inaction on climate change. Many scientific researches demonstrated that climate change is occurring due to greenhouse gases from human activities.

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American Medical Association supports the finding of intergovernmental panel on climates changes fourth’s assessment report and occurs with the scientific consensus that the earth is undergoing adverse global climate change and the anthropogenic activities are significant (Global climate change and human health 2013).

Human fingerprints in changing the climate in other aspects are also seem such as rising ocean temperature, atmospheric moisture and arctic sea ice. Measurement of surface and sub-surface temperature revealed that climate is changing in a drastic way and if it would be continue in the same way then it would be very difficult to mitigate the issue regarding it in the future. Our earth is shrinking day by day due to such imbalanced way of living. One day we will be needed another planet earth for living. There is always uncertainty in understanding a system as complex as worlds’ climate. Hence, this changing climate is having so many impacts on human and animal lives.

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In Pakistan, disturbance of interdependence link between food and energy occur due climate change. Ice-melt and precipitation are inserting a political and economic pressure on natural resources. Government of Pakistan is quiet in taking any action for the alleviating the crises of climate changes. On the other hand, low public awareness and technical disabilities create no path for the mitigation of such issues. Hence, climate change policy should be devised by taking the food, water and energy under consideration.it should be done by the consultation of all the stakeholders. Institutional capabilities should be improved side by side with the community on adaptation measure.