Pakistan is a developing country that can in future achieve income status, increase women ratio in labor force by enforcing and implementing key labor market reform. Pakistan can progress as research shows that more women in worksforce can benefit the economy.
Women in the workforce hold the key to a vibrant economy. Though Pakistan has seen a turnaround in economic stability, without women’s participation in the workforce, accelerated growth will be a challenge,
Women can play an important part for development of country.During in 16 years a slow increase in women work force, which is 22% (compared to 67.8% percent of men) which is lowest rate in the region, second only 2 Afghanistan. By comparing in Vietnam and Bangladesh women working Labor force of participation is 73% & 36%.
Low female labor force participation has clearly accelerated the Economic Growth in Pakistan.
In 2016 IMF report estimates that Gender Close Gaps in Pakistan will boost up GDP in Pakistan up to 30%.
Why the female labor force’s participation in Pakistan is so low?
The answer to this question lies in both demand and supply side aspects of labor.
On the supply side
- Policy Maker and Private sectors must pay attention not only Employment Opportunities for Women, but also for Quality Work.
- In Pakistan 3% of women are involved in formal sector, with low Paying.
- There are 67% difference in wages of labor of men and women.
On the demand side
- Women face difficulties like, Lack of equal education, Opportunity and Technical skills, Lack of Safety, Affordable Transport, Sexual Harassment in public places are in the work place.
- Child care is one of the main problem for women,
For Example, Lack of Affordable and Accessible childcare make it challenging to joinworkforce easily or work freely.
At provincial Level the Government Sindh has passed a policy on Home based work for women.The Punjab Government is following that policy.The Government of Pakistan’s vision 2025 aims to increase women’s participation in the workforce to 45 percent.