THE MINOR BUT ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF PAKISTAN  `

Pakistan is blessed to have a population that comprises of more than 60 percent of youth. Youth accelerates the wheels of nation towards development and enables every nation to get self-sufficient and independent.

It is quite unconvincing that Pakistan being a rich country in youth still thrives to get its name out of the list of the third world countries, that withstands with its name since its independence. Nations develop and win the battles against poverty and backwardness if each of the citizens does his share of work with honesty and sincerity but it is unfortunate to say that we as a nation wait for miracles to happen. We seldom do our part of hard work and long for things to change abruptly that’s quite impossible because ‘’Allah Almighty never changes the condition of people until they change it themselves’’. There is a huge list of problems of problems that have entangled the people of Pakistan. Two of the very important issues will be discussed here.

IRRESPONSIBILITY;

We as a nation are badly caught in the clutches of irresponsibility. We as a state, as an institution, as a leader, as a teacher, as a student and even as a parent are oblivious of our jobs which we should do.

Pakistan has stepped to the top position leaving Afghanistan and Africa behind in child mortality rate, that’s about more than 60 percent. People of Sindh are drinking water that gets contaminated by the leakages occurring from sewage lines. The foreign reserves of Pakistan have fallen down to 0.7 billion dollars against 7.5 billion dollars sometimes earlier. Circular debt is increasing day by day. Along with health picture. According to a report, more than 50 percent of the girls are out of schools in Baluchistan province. School buildings have become the habitat of animals. Dropout rates are getting higher and higher. Despite all the failures in front of its eyes, the government of Pakistan is a silent spectator waiting for CPEC to change their destiny.

Institutions along with government are no more than the exception. Institution drives the people of the nation, they look towards the institutions for guidance and support. If institutes themselves teach mismanagement, corruption, and immorality then citizens will also follow the same path. It is not the issue that there are no resources in institutes, they do exist but the problem lies in management and decision making.

Besides all the above-mentioned problems, students are playing their complete role in worsening the situations. Students who should be the role model for the society, do not exhibit any sense of maturity and responsibility. They do not bother to close the tap while they brush, they feel inferior in picking up the garbage thrown by themselves. How to morally guide such a mind set up is sensitive question whish should be answered by policies and action rather than just words.

RESPONSE TOWARDS ALTERNATIVES;

The stereotype thinking of our nation has kept them cling to the government jobs. Students of medical, economics, arts even agriculture students are demanding for government job merely because they lack accountability and industry. Entrepreneurship has no culture in Pakistan. People having large chunks of land should go for entrepreneurship but such people are also seen crying for government jobs. Entrepreneurship leads towards innovation and advancement generating new business ideas and thoughts. Until and unless domestic ideas will not make their place in the business sector, local markets will not flourish resulting in economic backwardness and ignorance.

Technologically, Pakistan is one of the largest users of the worldwide web. If the government is unable to generate employment opportunities why not to get the advantage of the modern technology as a substitute for earning money. Accompanying the prime minister laptop scheme another relative scheme of online courses should be started to teach the students to earn money online so that student could do something prolific rather than scrolling the social media up and down.

In a nutshell it can be stated that talent does exist in Pakistan, only a correct direction is needed. Once it will set its feet on the accurate track no force of the world will stop it from touching the heights of the sky and depths of the oceans.

Role of Industrial Sector in Promoting Environmental Sustainability Cleaner Technology Perspective

In climate change dialogue, private enterprises and industries in particular have long been criticized for sacrificing the environment in pursuit of profit. They consume scarce natural resources and chug out smoke, liquid effluents and hazardous solid wastes that damage the environment. In many developed countries, strict environmental regulations and de-industrialization has greatly reduced the visible symptoms of environmental degradation. However in the developing world, the uncontrolled industrialization and lack of environment friendly practices are causing severe air, water and land pollution. The resulting environmental damage is often blamed on the inherent greed of private sector.

The advocates of private enterprise reject this blame. They point out that there is no evidence that industries are less polluting when they are publicly owned. Given the right incentive, private sector enterprises can be encouraged to research and adopt environment friendly technologies and practices. They further point out that majority of private sector enterprises are already trying to change their image from environmental villains by adopting environment friendly practices. Moreover, many private sector enterprises are actually making profit by assisting other enterprises in adopting environmental friendly practices.

Both of the perspectives noted above have some truth. However, we won’t get into the debate of whether private sector is actually a villain or a partner in environmental protection rather we will focus on mainstream debate on how private sector enterprises can ensure environment protection.

From a cleaner technology perspective, production efficiency and pollution control are two steps through which sustainable industrial production can be achieved.  From this perspective, private sector needs to adopt a holistic approach that takes into account the environmental risks associated with each phase in the production process and curtail environmental pollution through adoption of end of pipe measures. Occurring at the end of production process, End of Pipe measures refer to methods to remove already formed contaminants form air, water, soil, waste, product, etc. Once measures have been taken to reduce the hazardous pollutants, next step is to improve production efficiency. Higher energy and material efficiency not only improves the production levels but also keeps down the environmental burdens.

However, it should be kept in mind that this is not the perfect solution. End of pipe measures only provide a short term solution by reducing exposure levels of local residents. These measures often change the form of the pollution rather than eliminating it. For example, tall stacks only displace air pollution over greater areas rather than eliminating it. This approach can be contrasted with preventing contamination from occurring in the first place. We need strategies that solve the problem before they get into the pipe. We need both the source control (keeping pollutants out of the environment) and treatment (removing pollutants from air, water, etc). We need to find new ways of making industrial production environmentally sustainable without compromising the economic gains. For this purpose, we need a combination of government regulations, public – private partnership, research in environment friendly practices and pressure from civil society.

 

ڇا الو، ولو ۽ گُلو هڪڀيرو ٻيهر هڪجهڙا ٿي ويندا

الو، ولو ۽ گلو ٽيئي هڪ ئي ڳوٺ ۾، هڪ جهڙي ئي حالت ۾ ۽ هڪجهڙن ئي جذبن ۽ احساسن سان پيدا ٿيا. توڙي جو الو، هاري جي گهر ۾، ولو ڪمدار جي گهر ۾ ۽ گُلو وڏيري جي گهر ۾ اک کولي هئي پر هن دنيا ۾ پهريون ڀيرو اک کولڻ وقت انهن ۾ ڪو به فرق نه هو. پر پوءِ جيئن جيئن وقت گذرندو ويو تئين تيئن اهي هڪٻئي کان هيٺ مٿي ٿيندا ويا. هلندي هلندي هيل تائين نالن کان ويندي سندن حالن تائين ۾ وڏو فرق اچي ويو آهي. ننڍي هوندي ڳوٺ جي گهِٽين ۾ مٽي جي ڍير تي جڏهن اهي گڏجي کيڏندا هئا تڏهن ويجهي کان به ڪنهن کي ڪا خبر نه پوندي هئي ته انهن مان الو ڪهڙو آهي ته ولو ڪهڙو يا  وري ولو ڪهڙو ته گلو ڪهڙو، پر هاڻي پري کان ئي کين هرڪو ئي سڃاڻي پيو سگهي.

الو هاري جي گهر ۾ پئدا ٿيو هو سو هاري ئي رهيو، ولو ڪمدار جي گهر ۾ ڄائو سو هُو ٻيو نه ته به پرائمري ماستر ٿي ويو ۽ گلو، جيئن ته ڳوٺ جي وڏيري جي گهر ۾ اک کولي هئي ۽ اهو پڙهي لکي آفيسر به ٿي ويو هو سو اهو هاڻي وڏيرو گل محمد خان صاحب ٿي ويو هو. انهن ۾ اهڙا ويڇا وڌائڻ ۾ نه رڳو رعايا پر رياست جو به وڏو ڪردار آهي. رعايا ته وتائي کان وٺي  اڇن ڪپڙن کي ئي عزت ڏيندي رهي آهي پر اها رياست ئي آهي جيڪا اڇي ڪاري جي مالڪ هجڻ جو ناجائز فائدو وٺندي هڪڙن کي ڇنڊ ڦوڪ جي لاءِ اڇا ڪپڙا ٿي پارائي ته ٻين کي اوگهڙ ڍڪڻ لاءِ گندي ۽ گوڏ به نٿي ڏئي. ٻين معاملن ۾ ته قانون جو منهن اڇو آهي پر ڪي انياءَ اهڙا به آهن جن ۾ خود قانون جا هٿ به ڪارا آهن. جيئن مثال جي طور تي سرڪاري ملازمن جي سيلري سلپ ئي کڻي ڏسجي ته اکين آڏو اوندهه اچي ٿي وڃي. الو وٽ ته نه نوڪري آهي نه ئي سيلري سلپ، پر ولي محمد جي سيلري سلپ ۾ ميڊيڪل الائونس، ڪنوينس الائونس توڙي هائوس رينٽ سوَن ۾ لکيا پيا آهن ته ٻئي پاسي وڏيري گل محمد خان صاحب جي سيلري سلپ ۾ اهي ساڳيون ئي سهولتون هزارن ۾ لکيون پيون آهن.

اها ڳالهه ته هرڪوئي سمجهي ٿو ته ڪو هاري مزدور هجي يا ڪو کڻي ماستر يا آفيسر، پر الله سائين ساهه ته سڀني کي ساڳيو ئي ڏنو آهي سو انساني بنيادي ضرورتون ته ساڳيون ئي هونديون آهن پر انڌير نگري اها آهي جو هي سيلري سلپ ظاهر ڪري ٿي ته گهٽ اسڪيل وارو ملازم جهوپي ۾ رهي، کٽارا گاڏين ۾ سفر ڪري ۽ بيمار ٿئي ته عطائي ڊاڪٽرن کان علاج ڪرائي، جڏهن ته ان جي ڀيٽ ۾ وڏي اسڪيل وارو ملازم هڪ شاندار گهر ۾ رهي، وڏين گاڏين ۾ گهمي ڦري ۽ بيمار ٿئي ته ڪنهن هوائي توائي بدران اسپيشلسٽ کان علاج ڪرائي! اصولي طور تي هجڻ ته هينئن گهرجي ته اسڪيل جي بنياد تي بنيادي پگهار ۾ ڀلي کڻي زمين آسمان جو فرق هجڻ گهرجي پر بنيادي ضرورتن جي حوالي سان ته سڀئي برابر هجڻ گهرجن. ائين ڪرڻ سان به الو، ولو ۽ گلو هڪ ڀيرو ٻيهر اهڙا هڪجهڙا ته ڪونه ٿي سگهندا جهڙا ننڍي هوندي هوندا هئا، پر ايترو ضرور ٿيندو جو قانوني طور تي سندن بنيادي ضرورتن کي گهٽ ۾ گهٽ برابري جو درجو ته ملي ويندو

Business and Human Rights Remedies

Many business activities have an impact on human rights; whether these impacts are positive or negative depends upon the approaches taken by the state and the business community. A business might hire workers through a company that subjects them to forced labor and harassment.

According to international standards on business and human rights, state authorities and business enterprises must respect, protect and fulfill all human and labor rights. These standards are articulated in a number of different international treaties, guidelines, and frameworks. For instance, the European Union has granted General Scheme of Preference Plus (GSP+) status to Pakistan; under the status, Pakistan should implement 15 human and labor rights conventions. The UNGPs reinforce key standards articulated in these 15 conventions.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights said that “The United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights provide a roadmap of the actions that both states and companies must take to prevent business-related human rights abuse, and to provide effective remedy and justice.”

The key obligations under UNGP – The duty of the state to protect human rights abuses, including those committed by third parties, also the corporate responsibility to respect human rights in business activities (i.e. to ensure that they do not interfere with the human rights of others) and address any negative impacts of their business activities on human rights. Moreover, the responsibility of the states and businesses to, respectively, ensure victims of abuse have access to effective remedy and grievance mechanism.

Provide access to judicial and non-judicial grievance mechanism to victims of human rights abuses involving businesses. The government may create policies and processes that commit them to respect human rights. These policies and processes should include human rights due diligence process to identify, prevent, mitigate and account for how the businesses address their human rights impacts as well as processes to remedy adverse human rights impacts due to their activities.

Provide or cooperate in grievance mechanisms that seek to remedy adverse human rights impacts linked to their activities. Remedies may be provided through state-based processes, such as the courts, or non-state-based processes, including industry, multi-stakeholder and/or other collaborative initiatives.