Environmental pollution has become a vile threat to humans and wildlife globally. Today, the air we inhale is polluted. The water we drink is highly unhygienic. The food we consume has some kind of pollution. There is a huge amount of smoke coming out from vehicles and motor cars that envelop all the big cities around the world.
It is all because of growing population in the world – one of the leading causes of increasing environmental pollution. Today it is more than 7 billion people in the world and Pakistan has 207 million. It is a matter of fact that as the population continues to grow, so does the amount of garbage that people produce. To spend easy and luxurious lifestyle people need effortlessly disposable products, such as soda cans or bottles of water. We have become a disposable state and nation; however, it is a bitter reality that due to huge hoard of these products has led to increasing amounts of plastic pollution in Pakistan.
Plastic is not a something good object, as it is composed of major toxic pollutants that have potential to cause great harm to the environment in the form of air, water and land pollution. In addition, it has started to impact negatively on the natural ecosystem and creates problems for wildlife and human population such as killing of plants life and posing dangers to local animals.
According to the study, about 8 million tonnes of plastics are deliberately dumped in the oceans globally. Besides, it also finds its way due to wind and flow of rivers and release of urban overflow in the water channels. It is shocking to know that simplest plastic normally used in grocery store bags take over 100 years to collapse, though the complex ones take between 100 to 600 years or even beyond that to decompose.
It is further estimated that food wrappers and containers produce 31.15 percent of pollution in environment. Bottles and containers cap produce 15.5 percent of pollution in environment. Plastic bags cause 11.18 percent environmental pollution, straw and stirrers produce 8.13 percent, beverage bottles cause 7.27 percent pollution in the environment.
Since 1967 global plastic production has increased from 2 million tonnes to 380 million tonnes, almost three times faster than world GDP. Since 1950, the production of plastic wastes was 6.30 of that only 9 percent has been recycled and another 12 percent burned. The rest of wastes have been dumped in landfills or the natural environment. There are various countries in the world today has duly banned use of plastic bags such as Bangladesh, France, and Rwanda. Pakistan seems far-away banning the hazardous production and excessive consumption of plastic related objects.
There are various environmental threats in Pakistan;from villages to small towns and big cities everywhere – on the street corners, in the air, on the seashores, in the freshwater bodies,in the water channels, we find heaps of wastes of them abundant is plastics-related such as wrappers, bottles, plastic bags, containers, plastic caps, cables and etc. Our once very beautiful seashore of Karachi now gives a bleak look due to tons of garbage over there.
In Pakistan production and usage of plastic related objects is increasing, whatever we buy from market bring that in plastic bags, at home we eat in plastic utensils, instead of mud pitcher for drinking water we use plastic made cooler, at home we keep flour, rice, garam masala and all other usable things in plastic containers or small bowls. We drink bottled water every day, we use plastic mobile pouch, students take plastic made geometry to school, and the chips we buy are packed in plastic wrappers. It means that in today’s time plastic has been our soulmate and it has been indispensable to take it away from our lives.
According to one of the research studies conducted by World Wide Fund Pakistan, it demonstrates that about65 percent of waste that spoilsbeauty of beaches along Pakistan’s coast consist of plastics that includes mineral water bottles, caps, plastic bags, balloons, packages, shoes, discarded fishing nets and wreckedapparatuses. The study further reveals that only at Clifton Karachi contributes about 50 percent of plastic trash.
One of the report mentions that there are around 250 million tonnes of garbage consists of grass clippings, bottles, product packaging plastic bags, appliances, furniture, clothing, batteries and food scrap. That’s about 1.95 kg of waste per person per day.Plastic pollution also negatively impact on overall economy as it causes an estimated damage to marine ecosystem annually, and loss to tourism, fishing and shipping industries.
To conclude plastic pollution is a crucial environmental menace and is a major problem for marine and freshwater lakes in Pakistan; it destroys habitats and adversely impacts wildlife species.Apart from above mentioned effects from plastic pollution some of the extremely disturbing impacts are, it upsets the food chains, pollutes groundwater, land and air. Also it kills animals and is highly poisonous and expensive. Therefore, on very serious note government, relevant institutes and organizations, and policy makers need to think and take action on this very afflicting ecological threat.