Devastating Taxes Culture in Pakistan

We can’t breathe without tax and not live easily in the country because the tax is must for the development and betterment of all countries. It supports government revenue for the expenditures of the country.  We must have regularly pay the taxes and follow the policies on tax given by the government. It’s the duty of every citizen to pay tax either it is direct or indirect in return government is responsible for providing basic facilities, which includes education, health, shelter and food for the poor and deprived class of society who are not able to survive with the capitalist society.

There are four types of taxes which generates the economy of our countries such as general sales tax, customs duty, central excise duty, and income tax.

This time Pakistan’s current taxation system is defined by Income Tax ordinance 2001 which was promulgated on 13 September 2001 and became effective from 1 July 2002. This time the sales tax rate in Pakistan stands at 17% percent it is a high tax rate in Pakistan only for the poor people.  The concerned administration should work on low tax rate as peoples could live with comfort in the country.

There are many causes of tax evasion in Pakistan which are, poor government, Poor tax culture, political interfere, poor policy, poor taxation. The tax evasion is one of the gigantic problems for Pakistan. There are many issues for the lower or lower middle class of society which is not able to pay tax but indirectly they are paying their taxes, on the other hand, the society who owns the massive economy of country like conglomerates or capitalist tycoons of Pakistan and go through the list of the parliamentarians issued by FBR in which it is mentioned how much tax they paid it is very disgusting.

Pakistani society consists of the two main classes such as elite and middle class.

Elite class does not have any kind of concern with tax problems they always play the game of power like feudal, Choudhry’s,  politicians, bureaucrats, Businessmen and they don’t matter with other peoples and government facilities to rich people. (PS: All the mentioned classes in elite classes are not equal; there are also some patriots who are sincere with the country.)

There has been always conflicting among between middle class and government for the survival of their lives, they fight for their rights and they pay more tax than the elite class of society. This society does not know about their rights, the civil society and literate peoples of society must have to educate them about their rights, this initiative could bring positive change among us, it could take time but it would be better for the whole middle and lower middle class who is unaware of their right.

Being a responsible citizen of the country, we should take an oath that from today we will educate the deprived people about their responsibilities and their rights.

There are many worst effects on the society when it comes to flooding of tax on particular things which is commonly paid by the majority of middle class. To some extent, corruption is the main reason for the bad policy of politicians and they all involve in the debate today’s issue of crime depend also on the root cause. Concerned authorities have to realize that and bring positive changes in taxation on equality based and they should be friendly for every citizen. How worst condition is this, that every newborn child in Pakistan is indebted of 60000 thousand

If we discuss on the current tenure of the government, they didn’t take any serious steps on the improvement of the economy.  We could not able to say that their performance is appreciable or government report card is significant. We won’t see any improvement in near future so government must have to take any serious notice. According to a recent report of think tanks in four years in four year, PML-N completed only 6 targets out of 89, External debt which was 61 billion dollars and it has increased to 83 billion dollars and internal debt which was 5491 billion it has increased to 15045 billion rupees.

In addition, to report the government’s privatization and reform program was also failed to perform, PIA’s Loss was more than 316 billion, Pakistan Steel Mill’s loss reached to 176 billion, Pakistan railway also affords the loss of 27 billion yearly, The tax-to-GDP rate target was 15 percent that could not reach to quarter of 10 percent but government still claims that unemployment has been reduced from country.

 

 

TAX REFORMS IN PAKISTAN

The dawn of new era sunrise explodes itself as it rays flush down the crimson in order to announce the outset of a new day. Let envision the vitality of tax reforms in Pakistan.  Tax policy in Pakistan began with the Government of India Act, 1935, wherein same was in the provincial domain. Subsequently, it was transferred to the federal government under the General Sales Tax Act, 1948. The government started implementation of the sales tax under Sales Tax Act, 1951, which provided for a limited base but subsequently the tax base was broadened through a Presidential Order of Taxation of Sales and Purchase in 1960 thus incorporating import, export and manufacturing of commodities besides extending several incentives. The Sales Tax Act 1951 was amended in 1981. In order to introduce the Value Added Tax (VAT), the Act of 1951 was repealed by the Sales Tax Act, 1990.

The sales tax on services was introduced in 2000 in the provinces which led all the provinces to promulgate relevant ordinances, though it was collected by the federal government on account of weak capacity at the provinces. Eventually, the 18th constitutional amendment 2010 transferred the sales tax on services to provinces.It necessitated provincial legislation for sales tax on services and establishment of tax collecting entities. Taking the lead, Sindh established Sindh Revenue Board in 2011, followed by Punjab Revenue Authority in 2012 and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Revenue Authority (KPRA) legislated in 2013 through enactment of KP Finance Act, 2013.

More resources will naturally result in expanding fiscal space that can be utilized to further the provincial development agenda. Without strengthening the taxation framework, all government initiatives are difficult to materialize, hence taxes provide the basis for sustainable peace, good governance, and development.

The sales tax on services is faced with numerous challenges. Lack of documented economy, lack of awareness, unwillingness to pay taxes due to lack of trust on state institutions, weak tax culture, corruptions and misuse of public resources, tax illiteracy among small business owners, lack of will and capacity of the withholding agents, intra-province jurisdiction issues e.g. settled areas and PATA and dependency on the federal government in several areas of tax management are major among them.

The provincial governments have realized the need for generating their own revenue but much is needed to be done towards tapping the actual potential. Provision of smart and convenient processes will work to an extent. Apart from all the legalities and technicalities of the system, fostering a culture of taxation should be the overarching objective of the tax authorities.

People simply don’t like being taxed. They feel of being robbed by the state while paying taxes. They should have felt as if they are making an investment unto their own self in a collective way, which in fact is the rationale behind taxation. This inherent malady is to be addressed as perceptions build over generations are hard to change but we have to begin at some point. Curbing corruption and being courteous to taxpayers will contribute, but not much. Tax education at massive scale is the solution.

 

وڌندڙ صنفي اڻبرابري

اسان جي معاشري ۾ عورتن کي انهن جا جائز حق نٿا ڏنا وڃن. اسان جي ملڪ ۾ عورتن جو تعداد مردن جي برابر آهي. پر مرد حاوي معاشري ۾ عورت مظلوم آهي. هتي صنفي اڻبرابري عروج تي پهتل آهي. هتي بنت حوا سان ابن آدم جو سلوڪ جانورن کان به بدتر رهيو آهي ۽ رهندو پيو اچي. عورتن کي نه صرف تعليم پر انهن کي فيصلي ڪرڻ جا حق به ڪونهي. انهن جي زندگي سڳو ڏينهن گهر جو ڪم ۽ ٻارن جي پرورش ڪندي گذرندو آهي پر ان جي اهڙي عظيم ڪم جو ڪڏهن به ڪٿي به مڃتا ملي سگهي آهي. عورت صرف گهر ۾ ڪم ڪو نه ڪندي آهي عورت فيڪٽرين ۾ مزدوري پڻ ڪندي آهي، عورت زراعت جو ڪم پڻ ڪندي آهي عورت روڊ ۽ رستن ٺاهڻ ۾ نمايان ڪردار ادار ڪندي آهي. اڄ جي عورت ڪمزرو نه پر هڪ طاقتور عورت آهي. جنهن کي جيڪڏهن معاشي ترقي لاءِ موزون رستا فراهم ڪيا وڃن ته اسانجو ملڪ معاشي طرح سان سگهارو ٿي سگهي ٿو. ان کان علاوه  تاريخ گواه آهي ته اسان جي ملڪ جي آزادي ۾ عورتن وڏو ڪردار ادا ڪيو آهي پر اڻبرابري جي تصور جي ڪري انهن کي اڄ ڏينهن تائين اهو حق ناهي ملي سگهيو ته ڪو هڪ ڏينهن انهن جي  لازوال قرباننين کي ياد ڪيو وڃي. پاڪستان جي تحريڪ ۾ صرف مردن کي هيرو جي ڪردار سان نوازيو ويو آهي. عورتن جو ته ڪٿي ذڪر ئي نٿو ملي . سواء ٻن عورتن جي هڪ فاطمه جناح ۽ ٻي بيگم رانا لياقت علي. انهن جو ذڪر به انهي ڪري آهي ته انهن جو پس منظر قائد اعظم ۽ لياقت علي سان گنڍجي ٿو. باقي ٻين عورتن جي ڪردار جو ڪٿي به ذڪر نظر نٿو اچي. جنهن پنهنجون جانيون قربان ڪيون هن قوم جي آزادي لاءِ.

مفاهدن جي جنگ ۾ عورت کي صرف پنهنجي ذاتي فائدي لاءِ استعمال ڪيو ويندو آهي. پر جڏهن انهن جي جائز حقن جي ڳالهه ايندي آهي انهن کي نظرانداز ڪيو ويندو آهي. عورت نه صرف ٻارن جو پر پوري گهر جو خيال رکندي آهي. ڪيڏي نه عظيم آهي عورت پر افسوس جو اسان جو معاشرو ان کي جئين آهي تئين تسليم ڪرڻ لاءِ تيار ئي نه آهي. اسان جي معاشر ۾ صورتحال اها آهي ته جيڪڏهن ڇوڪري پيدا ٿي ٿئي ته عورت لاءِ عذاب شروع ٿي ويندو آهي. چوڻ جو مطلب ته ڄمڻ سان ئي عورت کي انهن زنجيرن ۾ جڪڙيو ويندو آهي انهن جي اڻبرابري وارو تصور ته ڄمڻ مهل ئي شروع ٿي ويندو آهي.اسان جي معاشري ۾ عورت کي مرد جي سوچ کان اڳتي سوچڻ جو ڪو به حق ناهي عورت صرف اهو ڪري سگهي ٿي جيڪو هڪ مرد سوچي. هو پنهنجين خواهشن جو اظهار نٿي ڪري سگهي هو ڪنهن سان کلي ڳالهائي نٿي سگهي . هوءِ ڪنهن سان پنهنجي پسند سان شادي نٿي ڪري سگهي . هو ڪنهن سان آزادي سان گهمي نٿي سگهي. پر مرد سڀ ڪم انتهائي آساني سان ڪري سگهي ٿو. اڻبرابري وارو سلوڪ اسان جي معاشري ۾ عورت سان هر جگهه ٿئي پيو. عورت ۽ مرد جي وچ ۾ سماجي ۽ معاشرتي تفاوتن کي ختم ڪرڻ جي ضرورت آهي. عورت کي اُهي سڀ جائز حق ڏانا وڃن جنهن جو اهي حقدار آهن مثال طور تعليم، صحت، فيصلاسازي، ۽ وغيره. انهن سان ٿيندڙ ظلم ۽ جبر کي ختم ڪري انهن کي معاشي ميدان ۾ موقعا فراهم ڪيا وڃن. اسان جيڪڏهن هڪ بهتر معاشرو تعمير ڪرڻو آهي ته ان ۾ صرف عورت ئي پنهنجو نمايان ڪردار ادا ڪري سگهي ٿي. تنهنڪري انهن سان ٿيندڙ سڀني ناانصافين ۽ اڻبرابرين کي ختم ڪيو وڃي.

342 غريب ماڻهن جو ملڪ

هن ملڪ ۾ غريب ماڻهن جو ڪل تعداد 342 آهي ۽ باقي 20 ڪروڙ کان مٿي سڀئي امير ماڻهو آهن. جيئن ته هن ملڪ ۾ غريبن جو تعداد سَوَن ۾ ۽ اميرن جو تعداد ڪروڙن ۾ آهي سو هتي جا امير ماڻهو ڏاڍا رحمدل ۽ ٻاجهارا آهن. اهي غريب ماڻهن جو تمام گهڻو خيال ڪن ٿا ۽ کين ڪک ڀڃي ٻيڻو به ڪرڻ ڪونه ٿا ڏين. انهن 342 غريب ماڻهن جي لاءِ دنيا جي هر سهولت جو بندوبست ڪيو ويو آهي. انهن ماڻهن مان جيڪڏهن ڪو بيمار ٿو ٿئي ته علاج لاءِ کيس لنڊن موڪليو ٿو وڃي. انهن جي ٻارن کي تعليم لاءِ عالمي سطح جي ادارن ۾ داخل ڪرايو ٿو وڃي. نه رڳو ايترو پر هن ملڪ جي انهن 342 غريب ماڻهن جي لاءِ هڪڙي شاندار ڪينٽين جو بندوبست ڪيو ويو آهي، جنهن ۾ مهانگائي نالي ڪا به شيءِ ناهي. اوهان جي دل مڃي يا نه پر حقيقت اها ئي آهي ته غريبن جي انهي ڪينٽين ۾ چانهه ۽ ماني جي قيمت فقط هڪ هڪ روپيو آهي. گوشت 21 روپين جو ته مڇي رڳو 13 روپين جي آهي. 342 غريبن جي لاءِ اتي برياني فقط 8 روپين جي آهي ۽ سائي ڀاڄي بس 4 روپيه. وڏي ڳالهه اها ته انهن 342 غريبن مان هر هڪ جو ماهوار پگهار تقريباً 280000 رپيا آهي. انهن غريب ماڻهن کي قيمتي گاڏيون ۽ شاندار گهر عطا ٿيل آهن. اهي غريب ماڻهو هن دنيا جي هر غم کان آزاد آهن. اهي غريب ماڻهو ئي هن ملڪ جي اڇي ڪاري جا مالڪ آهن جيڪي پنهنجي مرضي سان مختلف وقتن تي مختلف شين جا اگهه چوٽ چاڙهيندا رهندا آهن ۽ 20 ڪروڙ امير ماڻهن تي نئين سج نوان ٽيڪس لڳائيندا رهندا آهن. هن ملڪ جي 20 ڪروڙ کان مٿي امير ماڻهن کي جيئن ته پئسي وغيره جي ڪا به پرواهه ناهي سو اهي انهن ڳالهين کي ڪن ئي نه ڏيندا آهن ۽ هر پنجين سال جڏهن اهي غريب ماڻهو پيرن مرشدن جيان کين زيارت ڪرائڻ لاءِ ايندا آهن تڏهن هي به چيلن ۽ مريدن جيان سندن آڌرڀاءُ ڪندا آهن. هن ملڪ جا 20 ڪروڙ کان مٿي امير ماڻهو هر حال ۾ خوش رهندا آهن، تاڙيون وڄائيندا آهن. ٻاڪڙا هوٽلن تي چانهيون پيئندا آهن ۽ فلمون ڏسندا آهن. گانا ٻڌندا آهن ۽ ٻيڙيون پيئندا آهن. ڳالهه جو تت اهو ته، چئي سگهجي ٿو ته ڌرتي جي گولي تي هي پنهنجي نوع جو هڪ انوکو ملڪ آهي، جتي 342 غريب ۽ 20 ڪروڙ کان مٿي امير ماڻهو رهن ٿا ۽ اها به هڪڙي انوکي حقيقت چئبي ته هن ملڪ جا 342 ماڻهو سڀڪجهه هوندي به غريب آهن ۽ باقي 20 ڪروڙ کان مٿي وارا، ڪجهه به نه هوندي به امير آهن.

***********