ناانصافي تي مبني ٽيڪس نظام جي چڪيءَ ۾ پسجندڙ عام ماڻهو!

ڪنهن بـ ملڪ جي  نظام کي هلائڻ لاءُ عوام کان ٽيڪس اڳاڙي تمام ضروري هوندي  آهي. دنياجي سمورن ملڪن  ۾اهو عمل ڪنهن نه ڪنهن صورت ۾ جاري آهي

  سڌريل ملڪن جي ڀيٽ ۾ اسان جي ملڪ ۾ ٽيڪس اڳاڙي وارو نظام ناانصافي تي مبني آهي.جيڪو غريب کي غريب تر  ۽ امير کي امير تر بنائڻ  لاءُ  سمورا رستا هموار ڪري رهيو آهي. ان ڪري ملڪ ۾ پنڻ تي ڪا به پابندي ڪونهي گلي گلي ۾ فقيرن جون قطارون نظر اچن ٿيون اهڙي طرح   حڪمرانن طرفان به پنڻ به تمام گهڻو آسان ٿي ويو آهي، ائين کڻي چئجي ته حڪمران ان ڪم ۾ ايترا ته ماهر ٿي ويا آهن جو ڪنهن جي به آڏو هٿ جهلڻ کان ڪا جهجهڪ محسوس نٿا ڪن, هاڻي ته اسان جا حڪمران قرض به خيرات جيان وٺن ٿا.  جنهن جي ادائگي لاءُ عوام خصوصن پيڙهيل طبقي کي ڳاٽي ٽوڙ ٽيڪس ادا ڪرڻا پوندا آهن دنيا جي مختلف وڏن مالياتي ادارن طرفان قرض طور ملندڙ اهڙِي سموري رقم پائيدار ترقياتي رٿائن تي يا عوامي بهبود جي ڪمن تي خرچ ڪرڻ بدران حڪمرانن جي ذاتي استعمال ۾ آندي ويندي آهي، جنهن ڪري ان کي خيرات چوڻ ئي بهتر رهندو، ڇاڪاڻ ته اها اهڙي خيرات آهي جيڪا حڪمران عوامي  بهبود ۽ ترقي جي  نالي تي ڏيهي ۽ پرڏيهي مالياتي  ادارن کان وٺندا آهن پر اها رقم عوام تائين پهچندي پهچندي هضم ٿي ويندي آهي.نتيجتن هن وقت ملڪ ۾ پئدا ٿيندڙ هر ٻار 60000 رپين  جو مقروض آهي
مهنگائي غريبن  جو جيئڻ جنجال ڪري ڇڏيو آهي.جيڪي تعليم ۽ صحت ته پري جي ڳالهـ پر  پنهنجي  ٻارن کي هڪ وقت جي ماني جو گرهـ مهيا ڪرڻ ۽ سندن تن ڍڪڻ لاءُ لٽو وٺڻ کان به لاچار آهن. ته ٻئي طرف حڪمرانن ۽ اميرن جا ٻار انهن اسڪولن ۾ تعليم پرائين ۽ کين جيڪي صحت جون سهولتون ميسر آهن تن  بابت سوچڻ به جنت جهڙي خواب مثل  آهي.

جنهن وقت  اسان جا حڪمران اي سي ڪمرن ۾ وهي بک ، بدحالي جي خاتمي ۽ امن قائم ڪرڻ لاءِ منگھڙت سوچ جي ڊرامي ۾ مصروف هوندا آهن . انهن ئي لمحن ۾    بي حسي جي انتها سبب ڪي ماڻهو بي گناهه مرندي ، بک وگهي تڙپندي ۽ پاڻي لاءِ پڪاريندي نظر ايندا آهن،پوءٌ به اسان جا حڪمران اها دعواع ڪندا رهندا آهن ته جمهوريت آهي، جي اها جمهوريت آهي ته پوءِ آدم ۽ هوا ڄاون جي خدڪشين جو ڪيس ڪنهن تي داخل ڪجي؟

هن ملڪ جي آبادي جو 51 سيڪڙو کان وڌيڪ عورتن تي مشتمل آهي جيڪي اڪثر ڪم ۾مشغول هونديون آهن پرسندن ان محنت کي ملڪي   GDP  جو حصو بنائڻ بجاءَ  ان کي گهرو ڪم چئي غير اهم سمجهو ويوآهي. ٻئي طرف اگر  ملڪي  ٽيڪس نظام  تي نظر ڦيرائبي تـ گهڻو تڻو ٽيڪس عورتن جي استعمال هيٺ شين تي آهي. جيڪا سراسري نا انصافي آهي. جيڪڏهن عورتن جي ڪم کي  گهرو ڪم سمجهي بي ملهـ قرار ڏنو وڃي ٿو ته کين  ٽيڪس کان بـ آجو قرار ڏنو وڃي ته بهتر ٿيندو.

اسان جا حڪمران عوامي بهبود جي باري ۾ سوچڻ جي بدران اهو سوچيندا رهندا آهن ته عوام کي ڪنهن به نموني سان معاشي بدحالي جي ڌٻڻ ۾ ڦاسائي رکڻو آهي، ته جيئن عوام کي حڪمرانن جي باري ۾ سوچڻ جو موقعو نه ملي ۽ حڪمران قومي خزاني تي اهڙي نموني سان هٿ صاف ڪري وڃن جو عوام اهو سوچيندو رهجي وڃي ته اهو سڀ ڪجهه ڪيئن ٿيو يا وري اهو ممڪن ئي ڪيئن آهي؟
حڪومت کي يا ته عوام جا مسئلا حل ڪرڻ گهرجن يا وري پاڻ جيان آءِ ايم ايف جو نوڪر يا تابعدار ٿيندي قرض لاءِ هٿ جهليو آهي تئين  عوام کي به چوڻ گهرجي ته اسان وٽ عوام کي رليف فراهم ڪرڻ لاءِ ڪو پيڪيج يا طريقو موجود ناهي، ان ڪري عوام پنڻ تي گذارو ڪري ۽ وري ايندڙ حڪومت جو انتظار ڪري متان اها عوام کي ڪو رليف فراهم ڪري وجھي

Rising Inequality in Pakistan

Rising inequality is a global phenomenon. Oxfam’s briefings paper ‘an economy for the 99%’ reports only eight men today have the same wealth as 3.6 billion world’s people. In the last three decades seven out of ten people living in a country have been facing inequality. Also the report mentions that in the next 25 years, the world will have a first trillionaire.

Besides this, every year economically stagnated countries cost $1000 billion in the shape of corporate tax dodging. This huge sum can provide education to 124 million children and prevent the deaths of at least 6 million children globally. On the other hand, global inequality has devastating consequences for low income countries like Pakistan.

The per capita income of Pakistan is $1629. Poor families can bear the cost of food, health, shelter, education and other fundamental needs for one year. Meanwhile, Bangladesh – a young country, has seen an increase of up to $1602 in its per capita income. It is very close to Pakistan.

Oxfam’s another report ‘Commitment to Reducing Inequality (CRI)’ ranks Pakistan at number 139 out of 152 countries. In spending on education, health and social protection, it is ranked on 146; progressive taxation is ranked at number 98 and in labour rights is ranked at number 118.

According to development experts of Pakistan, between 1998-99 and 2013-14 consumption-based poverty fell from 57.9pc to 29.5pc. Multidimensional poverty that comprises education, health and living standards has dropped from 55.2pc to 38.8pc between 2004-5 and 2014-15.

In addition, during 2013-14, the Gini coefficient was 0.41 and in the years 1987-88, it was 0.35. Besides, the richest 20pc in Pakistan spend seven times more than the poorest 20pc.

Currently, our country is on the trajectory of high economic deficit. This has caused 35pc people to live below the poverty line, around 22.4 million children are out of school, and 45pc are stunted.

Moreover, women’s unpaid care work is not measured in any data. They are not paid equal wages. Around 63pc youth spend their life impractically.

Income and wealth inequality is from top to bottom. Only 22 persons in the country have billions of wealth and reserves. The rest spend their life in hunger and poverty.

Education and health infrastructures are on the verge of collapse. Institutions are rotten. Moral and ethical values are decaying.

In addition, extreme inequalities cause rampant corruption in the society, obstruct economic growth, irregular wealth and income distribution, moral and ethical iniquities, and adversely affect labor and human rights.

This portrays an intimidating picture of the country’s overall economic scenario.

Civil society organizations (CSOs), public sector organizations and INGOs in Pakistan are working more on issues like poverty, gender disparity, water, food rights etc. Thus far the root cause of all these issues ‘inequality’ is untouched and un-debated.

Undoubtedly inequality is a highly political debate, as is entrenched in government policies and institutions. However it needs to be triggered with people, civil society, policy makers and parliamentarians to initiate discourse in the country.

Inequality needs to be controlled now. CRI index shows that some African countries through spending on education, health and social protection have controlled inequality.

The government needs to increase spending on education, health, and social protection, and to provide equal labor wages – both men and women. The government should revamp and reform taxation system – to bring progressive and just tax systems.

 

Why Pay for Tax

People work hard and earn money which ideally they would like to retain for themselves. However, a significant portion of this usually has to be given to the state. In my view, it is right that people pay their fair share of taxes.

Money is everything in today’s livelihoods. This is because money is used to buy all the necessities such as food, water, and shelter. Money is also used to help a family’s children in the form of school fees and other activities. In addition to this, people do not only need money to cater for their necessities, but also for future investments. The more that people have to invest, the more they believe they can accumulate in the long term. As a result, many are reluctant to lose some of their income through the deduction of tax.

Nevertheless, citizens should be obliged to pay taxes to the government for a number of reasons. They should accept that the taxes they pay help the government offer them the public services all over the country. These public services are things such as the construction of roads, bridges, public hospitals, parks and other public services. The same tax money helps the country’s economy to be stable. Through taxes, the government can pay off its debts. In short, tax money is a way of ensuring that people have comfortable livelihoods.

In conclusion, even though many people think that they should not pay taxes, that money is useful to the stability of any country. Therefore, people should not avoid paying taxes as it may affect the country’s economy and services that it provides.

Merits and Demerits of Tax System

Although taxation has been the major source of revenue for most government and worldwide as whole, taxation has both advantage and disadvantage to nation and individual person. The advantage of taxation include the following:-
1. Control inflation
Through increasing of various taxation rate, taxation can be used as the means of controlling inflation especially the demand pull inflation. Since raising of taxation rate of various commodity result into decrease in purchasing power of individual person hence being a solution to demand pull inflation.
2. Discourage use of harmful products
As there are many harmful products which are produced in various country but the manufacture of such products may at the same time being a good tax payer. The government may not decide to shutdown such companies instead the government will impose high tax upon such commodity to discourage users from consumption of such commodity, example cigarette and spirits.
3. Revenue generation
Taxation also act as important root stock for revenue generation. Since even if the government will have other source of income apart from taxation still the amount of revenue obtained from collection of different types of tax is higher compared to the amount obtained from other sources.
4. Redistribution of income
Through taxation system especially the progression tax system taxation can be a means of ensuring fair distribution of income between individuals by imposing high tax rate for those who earn more and less tax rate for individual who has lower income. This also can lead to reduction of income gap between poor and rich people.
The disadvantage of taxation refers to all chaos brought along by taxation issues within society either directly or indirectly. The disadvantage of taxation include the following:-
1. Reduce purchasing power
Taxation especially when the tax rate are high has the tendency of reducing the disposable income of an individual which subsequently reduce the purchasing power.
2. Discourage saving
Since taxation rate reduce the disposable income of an individual, this means an individual saving ability will be reduced ii not completely stopped from such habit hence preventing individual from doing other economic activities.
3. Discourage investment
Heavy tax rate on firm profit become disincentive for investor to invest on particular sector instead investors will opt to invest in other sector which their tax rate is of reasonable value.