Climate Change

Climate change to a developing country Is like a Russian proverb which translation is “Trouble never comes alone” Already a political prone area swinging between poverty and unemployment Pakistan has been ranked as a seventh most vulnerable country prone to climate change effects and disasters, according to climate risk index 2018.

Series of disastrous events form last twenty years engulfed almost 11,000 lives and almost USD 4 billion economy loses. This is the figure that is being marked but there is much to be considered in the terms of agricultural and vegetation lose and list goes long …

Pakistan like other developing countries is suffering for the sins of others with the carbon emission 0.48 percent in comparison to the 29.51, 14.34, 6.81 percent of China, United state of America and India respectively. According to this ratio, Pakistan is the least contributor to carbon emission. Although, some are of the view that Pakistan can earn and earned a lot by Carbon trading but is that little is enough to mitigate and adapt climate change effects? The answer would be absolute NO! a big NO!

Considering all above facts, one can conclude the discussion that Pakistan is suffering because of others but is this isn’t a lame excuse to go with? One can’t deny the fact but on the other hand what we are doing to drag ourselves out of it. Is our Climate Change Policy is effectively implementing by concern organizations? Do we have a collaborative mechanism pool in our strengths collectively with Government and civil sector organizations?

Although, Trump policies came up with a huge cut in financing in development sector especially on climate change issues hope is still there. At least Pakistan can do much considering allocated resources in mass sensitization on Climate Change Adaptation and mitigation measures. Little investment of government in renewable energy like Hydro, Biomass, Solar and wind energy can make a remarkable change to Pakistan’s economy. Furthermore, coordination between intergovernmental departments and CSOs is the call of time to come up with effective and sustainable solution to the problem and to avoid overlapping roles and responsibilities of each.

 

Climate Change: A Real Threat for Pakistan

In recent decades, Pakistan has faced extreme weather conditions such as floods, droughts, and cyclones that have killed and displaced thousands of people destroyed their livelihoods and damaged local infrastructure. For instance, the flood of 2010 killed 1600 people and the heat wave in Karachi during the month of June 2015 led to the death of more than 1200. These extreme weather events are a stark reminder that Pakistan is most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.

According to global climate risk index 2018 reported by German watch, Pakistan is the seventh most vulnerable country to climate change. This means that these natural hazards will only increase in frequency and severity in the upcoming decades.

The government of Pakistan has formulated various climate change policies and acts to tackle climate change threat, but their implementation remains a question. According to Zahid Hamid, Climate Change Minister of Pakistan, the government needs to implement climate change policy and projects that boost Pakistan’s climate resilience, set up early warning systems, and protect lives and livelihoods of people, through consultation and understanding with all the provincial units.

In this scenario, local communities and stakeholders should also be empowered so that they can participate actively in vulnerability assessment and implementation of adaptation and mitigation projects. Their inclusion will offer diverse perspectives and solutions along with an increase in a number of supporters and active participants in the climate change dialogue.

When it comes to the threat of climate change, all of us must do our part. We not only have a responsibility to reduce our individual carbon footprints by reforming our lifestyles but we also need to get involved at the community level to promote awareness. We need to take proactive action and make efforts to green our neighborhood, adopt environment-friendly practices, get involved in environmental protection programs, and support governmental actions on climate change. By joining hands and acting locally, we can effectively address the threat of climate change.

 

WORLD FOOD DAY 2017

World food day held every year on 16th of October. This year the theme of world food day is ‘change the future of migration: invest in food security and rural development’

          The theme signifies the importance of creating conditions and opportunities for people residing in rural areas especially youth to engage themselves in the development of agriculture and make the people able to withstand difficult conditions.

Migration is something in which people move from one place to another due to several reasons. Following are some of the major causes due to which people are migrating from rural to urban areas:

  • Violence
  • Natural disasters
  • Lack of facilities
  • Hunger
  • Poverty
  • Natural resource depletion
  • Food insecurity
  • Inequality
  • Unemployment
  • Limited access to social protection

These are the major factors contributing to migration challenges. Rural poor people face many difficulties in accessing financial support, services, technologies, and markets which allow them to improve the productivity of their natural resources and labor.

Rural development can address such factors which force the people to make business opportunities and jobs for the rural people. These opportunities must not be based on agriculture (such as dairy, poultry, food processing or horticulture enterprises). But as we know more than half countries of the world especially central Asia are agriculture countries so it must be important to provide residing people a better livelihood, jobs, business opportunities etc.

People are considered food secure when they have availability and adequate access at all time to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life. This can only be possible when they are provided with sufficient food etc.

What should we do to change the future of migration?

First, we should understand that about almost three-quarters of people livelihood is based on agriculture and other activities that are performed in the village. One solution is that we should especially the government should invest in food security issues and also on rural development to decrease the rate of migration. People living in rural areas must be provided with enough facilities that they don’t choose the option migration instead they do business and other possible jobs in rural areas to contribute to the development of rural areas. To improve food security following points must be kept in mind;

  • Food must be available in sufficient quantities and on consistent basis
  • People must be able to acquire adequate amount of food by purchasing, home production, borrowing and other feasible possibilities
  • Consumed food must have positive nutritional impact on the health of people

The ministry should distribute water tanks to the area where there is a scarcity of water.

Migration is a part of the process of development and economies undergoes structural transformation and people search for better employment opportunities within and across the countries. It can contribute to economic growth, improve food security and rural development.

All is needed for the decision maker is to listen and implement so that future of migration can be changed.

 

“Build the new don’t just fight the old”

“A Development based on the well being of human and their surroundings where they live together and always think about to make things easier they used for daily life to get a comfortable life”

A development has different level of impacts and distinguished into three class

  • Complying
  • Merit
  • Non Complying

Each of the class mentions above has its own impact according to execution process and their advantages for humans

  • Complying

Complying level has low impact on the surrounding area

  • Non Complying

Noncomplying level are land uses and which are not envisaged and encouraged within a particular area such as residential area, Industrial zone, and agricultural zone as well

  • Merit

Merit development is individually assessed on its merit regarding the plan and development act

Agriculture Rural Development

Rural development in the field of agriculture has a lot of benefits in regard to improving the quality of life and economic well being of the living hood.

Agriculture development in last decade has an amazing impact on farmer life as we witness a lot of economic growth by using the modern tools in the agriculture field. Agriculture is also a noble and holy profession as mention in the Quran

“Have you seen that seed which you sow”

Sur, waqia 23

Nowadays to cultivate a seed are easier than a decade back. The Humans made a lot of modern tools to help the farmers to plow the filed in such a short time and fertile the field by using fertilizers and improving the yield.

In Pakistan, the first agricultural revolution came in the 20th century in which the authorities aware the farmers using the fertilizers to increase the yield and implementing the pesticide to control the insect which harms the field and minimize the yield.

Food Security

Food security is in fact much more than just food production, distribution, and consumption. Food is the topmost priority for everybody since our inception. It gives us the energy to grow and live stronger. Apart from dietary needs, food has a cultural value as well. Many cultures hold some food preferences and some food taboos. Dietary choices can also define cultures and play a role in religion. For example, only halal foods are permitted by Islam, kosher foods by Judaism, and in Hinduism beef is restricted. In addition, the dietary choices of different countries or regions have different characteristics. This is highly related to a culture’s cuisine. Food security means to secure the food of peoples all the time and provide them easy access to food to meet their dietary needs

Investment in food security

Investment in food security is the main pole to eradicate the poverty as naturally agriculture and food are the fundamental keys and play an important role in the development of the society.

As it’s the rule of marketing that producing the product in excessive quantity grater the rate of consumer and rewarding the producer efficiently which is automatically an economic growth and food security as well. Also when your product produced in massive quantity and send to the market at the same rate it definitely sustains the rate of product and could be easily available for the consumer at affordable and cheap prices.

We could also make the food security safer by setting up different plants and financing the producer by different mean to help out the consumers

The Farmer

Farmer is one of the most important pillar in the field of agriculture and food producer
farmer is the largest investor in primary agriculture. We all know that there are 80 % of the peoples who adopted the profession of farmers and occupying the 70% of land using for agriculture purpose so by pay a small share to farmer could boosting the agriculture production and contributing to food security and better nutrition so in this way we could also eradicate the poverty and make food security for all peoples

It is necessary to develop the rural areas because Rural development play a vital rule in changing the future of migration. Many people migrate from Rural areas to Urban because there are no fundamental needs like good food, Health facilities and Quality Education etc. available in the rural areas due to these problems peoples are forced to migrate from Rural areas to Urban areas for the sake of enhancement of their life style which cause the overcrowding in the cities. If the Rural areas are developed than no one need to leave their homeland for sources.

It is also necessary to give the priority to Agriculture instead of industry because Agriculture holds great significance for Pakistan. Pakistan has great potential of agriculture and at the time of independence Pakistan was mainly an agricultural country. Industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a country from an agrarian society to an industrial one. Pakistan’s principal natural resources are arable land and water. About 25% of Pakistan’s agriculture accounts for about 21% of GDP and employs about 43% of the labour force.