Water Issue and Our National Impasse

Out of 75% of total water on earth, there is only 3% of pure water present. Of that 3% Fresh Water, 70% is locked in glaciers, 29% is found underground in aquifers and 1% is found in lakes, rivers, & streams

Looking into the increasing world population and careless use of pure water in different areas of the world which puts further check on the future of human lives, Scientists have already predicted horrible stats about the near future of world related to water scarcity and developing world regions will be the primary target of water issues. Pakistan lies in the region of developing states and it faced severe water crises in last two to three decades. The shameful part of the journey is that despite the fact that immense negative effect of water crises in Pakistan, counting from economy up to the lower level of individual lives, everything remains under short of the target. Country agriculture sector which is known as the backbone of our economy. It offers almost 40% of national employments but it is declining due to seriousness in the crises of water in the whole country. Moreover, according to the Pakistan’s economic survey, Agricultural contribution in the overall economic muscles remain to contain up to less the 19% and cost 0.5 percent negative decline in the budget.

No doubt the current time has proven bitter for many development states in to cope with water crises but Pakistan has God gifted natural resources from every perspective. If we look into the overall water resources which Pakistan have, anybody can clearly assume that where the fault lies.

Globally there is 3395 MAF of water present.Whole Asian region has 5900 MAF water Pakistan shares it 145 MAF in the south Asian region.

In a whole year, only 20% of water remains available for use from 15 June up to 15 September and after this period the remaining water flow in the foam of floods which causes the destruction of the canal system in the whole country. 80% of water is getting wasted every year due to lack of reserving capacity. Out of total reserved water, agricultural sector consumes up to 90% water of the system and reaming percent of water get distribute among domestic and industrial sectors. System loss is also one of the major flaws in order to reserve enough water. Evaporation process of water add further resistance to the overall water reserving capacity Distribution of water among provinces also remains an issue of attention but Government established Haleem commission in 1991 which solved the reservation of provinces over water distribution.

According to the commission respective percentage of water been allotted to provinces and it was a successful accord in order to solve the contempt of provinces against one another.

Punjab 55%, Sindh 48.76% KPK 8.7% Baluchistan 3.8% (ISRA)

 Currency of the issue

The country is facing the burden of economic down fall. Textile agricultural sectors are completely out capacity in order to perfume on standard bases. Major investing groups are approaching for the alternative to shifting their capital abroad anywhere. In short past time, Bangladesh proved to be the better alternative option for the textile sector from Pakistan. There is a lack of water reservoirs and Pakistan has not enough capacity to reserve water for more than 20 days, unlike India which is increasing its water reserving capacity day by day and currently India have the capacity to reserve water for more than 120 days.

The government should have to focus on the construction of small and middle level of water reservoirs in the whole country. It’s much needed to increase the capacity of river water storage from 10 % up to 20 or 25% in the future.

World Bank Report on Water and Power Resources of West Pakistan by Peter Lieftinck (1969)

“Pakistan should be building at least one reservoir for storage of about 6 MAF of water every decade in the foreseeable future.’’

Canal water is short due to increasing cropping intensity (130% in 1988 to 175% at present). Agricultural downfall is also alarming for the future requirement of food in the country. Up till now, the government has not come with any alternative policies in order to change the mood of cultivation and do some experiment to cultivate different crops which can be suitable for seasonal conditions and consume less water. Israel has banned the cultivation of potato because it consumes more water to grow. Same as Pakistan can come up with the different alternative option to lessen the waste of water and save more.

Way forward

Since water issue is becoming a bottle neck for our national security. There is need to compromise on the ethical and provincial contempt and join the collective struggle to find out the solution of our national issues there water is one of the major and it yields further problems. There is enough water present under the ground. Tube well and home underground well water system should be formulated for the means to overcome water crises in backward areas of the country. There should be proper treatment of water pipeline to avoid waste of water through the system.

Furthermore, it’s very must to create awareness in public that how water is important for their lives and how it means to their future because without creating the culture of water saving among the general public, it fails to struggle to implement any policy and get desired result. The active participating of the public can support government planning process to avoid growing question to our national origin due to water crises.

A Committee of Chief Ministers under Council of Common Interests (CCI) to deal with water issues especially construction of new water storages

  • Rationalization of water pricing
  • Regulation of sub-soil water extraction
  • Canal lining
  • Action plan for the treatment of effluent generated by industry, agriculture & municipal use
  • Strengthening IRSA
  • Adoption of latest technologies in consultation with Provinces to bring transparency and access to all on water issues

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Access to Clean Drinking Water is Still a Dream

The looming threat of clean drinking water scarcity constitutes one of the biggest challenges to Pakistan’s survival. This threat is not less dangerous than that of terrorism because it has been taking millions of lives, especially those of children, every year. Water is the most important and basic necessity for human life. Without water, life can’t exist.

water is becoming a short-commodity all over the world. In some regions, even water is more costly than milk.This problem, in Pakistan, is proliferating with a storming speed. Unhygienic practices coupled with impure water usage cause a number of diseases.

A vast area of Pakistan, are lacking potable water due to industrial wastage and agricultural remnant that impurities the rivers and the rivers and the ground water. People of these areas, sometimes, are compelled to cover a distance of tens of miles for a few liters of illy-potable water.

Water-related problems are the most neglected sector in Pakistan. A vast majority of Pakistani-particularly the rural-do does not believe in any disease borne by water due to the mixing of arsenic or other elements. And a patient who does not believe in her disease, cannot be cured because he would not attend any doctor. The people of rural areas of Sindh and Punjab are ready to drink the groundwater extracted through tube wells, nulls, and motor-pumps because are of the view that running water is free of all impurities.

Illiteracy, coupled with the lack of political will and corruption, is equally responsible for the potable water problems. This issue has curtailed the economic growth also. Wastage of time in collecting drinkable water from remote areas, let woman away from their kids and family and keeps them out of household givings which result in a poor family. Similarly, the girls and children who served their time in bringing drinkable water keep them away from educational activities which create illiterate generations-a major hurdle in the way of economic race.

Water and sanitation

Access to clean water and sanitation has been a very big challenge in the globe. Many people in the globe have limited access to the clean drinking water and sanitation.According to the research report , only 1.5 % of home birth in developing countries involve safe water , poor sanitation, and hygiene. Only 4 million people in 9 countries have safe clean water and sanitation for generations. Clean water and good sanitation system are possible when every person performs their role in the environment. A few years ago the water and sanitation system were not good but now it is a little bit improved. By the use of latest technology, the cleanliness of water is possible by using filtration plants.We should use filtered plants in our homes, schools, road, colleges and everywhere. Dirty water can cause many diseases like fever, stomach problems, and many other diseases. According to a survey, one child dies every single minute from diarrheal disease caused by contaminated water and poor sanitation. There are more deaths than HIV/AIDS, MALARIA, and TUBERCHOLOROSIS. 

                    In Pakistan,  there are many countries in which there is limited access to clean drinking water.I have the heard the news on television that Karachi have a great problem of water.The clean water is not available to the people and there is also a poor sanitation system. So Karachi government should try to solve this problem because drinking clean water is the fundamental right of everyone. Approximately 90% of the water in developing countries is discharged directly into rivers, lakes, and seas. There is the tremendous economic gain that can be realized with improved drinking water and sanitation.

 

Water pollution

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The water they say is life, and indeed they were right. With about 70% of the earth’s cover being water, it undeniably becomes one of our greatest resources. As young students, we learned about the various ways to conserve water. Coming  to think of it, water is used in almost every important human chores and process. It is an important element in both domestic as well as industrial purposes. However, a closer inspection of our water resources today, give us a rude shock.

What is water pollution?

Water pollution happens when toxic substances enter water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans and so on, getting dissolved in them, lying suspended in the water or depositing on the bed. This degrades the quality of water.

Not only does this spell disaster for aquatic ecosystems, the pollutants also seep through and reach the groundwater, which might end up in our households as the contaminated water we use in our daily activities, including drinking.

Sources and effects of water pollution

Water pollution can be caused in a number of ways, one of the most polluting being city sewage and industrial waste discharge. Indirect sources of water pollution include contaminants that enter the water supply from soils or groundwater systems and from the atmosphere via rain.

Soils and groundwaters contain the residue of human agricultural practices and also improperly disposed of industrial wastes.

What are the major water pollutants?

There are several classes of water pollutants. The first are disease-causing agents. These are bacteria, viruses, protozoa and parasitic worms that enter sewage systems and untreated waste.

The second category of water pollutants is oxygen demanding wastes; wastes that can be decomposed by oxygen-requiring bacteria. When large populations of decomposing bacteria are converting these wastes it can deplete oxygen levels in the water. This causes other organisms in the water, such as fish, to die.
The third class of water pollutants is water-soluble inorganic pollutants, such as acids, salts, and toxic metals. Large quantities of these compounds will make water unfit to drink and will cause the death of aquatic life.
Another class of water pollutants are nutrients; they are water-soluble nitrates and phosphates that cause excessive growth of algae and other water plants, which deplete the water’s oxygen supply. This kills fish and, when found in drinking water, can kill young children.
Water can also be polluted by a number of organic compounds such as oil, plastics, and pesticides, which are harmful to humans and all plants and animals in the water.
A very dangerous category is suspended sediment because it causes depletion in the water’s light absorption and the particles spread dangerous compounds such as pesticides through the water.
Finally, water-soluble radioactive compounds can cause cancer, birth defects, and genetic damage and are thus very dangerous  water pollutants.

Where does water pollution come from?

Water pollution is usually caused by human activities. Different human sources add to the pollution of water. There are two sorts of sources, point, and nonpoint sources. Point sources discharge pollutants at specific locations through pipelines or sewers into the surface water. Nonpoint sources are sources that cannot be traced to a single site of discharge.
Examples of point sources are factories, sewage treatment plants, underground mines, oil wells, oil tankers and agriculture.
Examples of nonpoint sources are acid deposition from the air, traffic, pollutants that are spread through rivers and pollutants that enter the water through groundwater.
Nonpoint pollution is hard to control because the perpetrators cannot be traced.

Conclusion: The current scenario has led to a consciousness about water preservation and efforts are being made on several levels to redeem our water resources. Industries and factory set up’s are restricted from contaminating the water bodies and are advised to treat their contaminated waste through filtration methods. People are investing in rainwater harvesting projects to collect rainwater and preserve it in well below ground level.

Water Pollution is common, and is an area of high alert. Water needs to be preserved and respected today, for us to live a tomorrow.