A Day Without Implanting a Tree, is a Wasted day

Almighty nature has bestowed us with a lot of natural beauties and a well-adjusted environment on the earth, which are the main source for our survival for in this world. But indifference, we have left nothing to destroy the ecosystem of the earth in this beautiful & smoothly ecosphere. In today’s era, where science has left remarkable as well unbelievable victories on the map of the world but it has also increased enormous harmful elements.

In this regard, if we talk on the ecosystem of earth, we get shrieked and cried that advanced and developed countries of the world have also damaged a lot to ecosystem though generating pollution & contamination to the neat & clean environment of the shining world.

However, in an atmosphere, where there is need of great care, if someone, who is playing a very positive role by contributing his good service through protecting the troposphere is an act of good deed.

An underprivileged but very hospitable community of village named Barr Jo Dhorro (Abdul Rehman Jatt) has been contributing their best services by planting trees in their village. When walking through this village, one cannot stop his admiration for greenery of trees, they had grown around their village.

While visiting this village, I found it a very neat & clean settlement, which was an ODF free environment. However, the structure of each household was so attractive, where everything was seemed to be placed in a smooth pattern. Besides, all the village was surrounded by the long trees, which were grown by them on self-initiatives.

During my talk with an old man of village about their past life experiences, Mr. Hasaan Jatt told that earlier period was so good because every village was well off & well-to-do due to bumper crop and it was all because we had huge access to irrigation water and timely rains, which could help us to grow our fertile lands but as the time passes, we receive insufficient water as well no rain due to investing our ecosystem. This has become our life disturbed. He more added that cutting of trees has become the hobby of some timber mafia people here in our surroundings but in contrast people of our village are so conscious to grow the trees in our village, so that at least we feel it our prime responsibility to protect our environment, which is our survival otherwise, our future generation will perish if we did not care for it. He further talked that every human on earth must plant a tree so that our environment and survival might be protected.

I was wondered that how an old man is so sensible & conscious for the protection of our surroundings. It was a moment of huge learning for me and I thought would that every human thinks about that old man, who is standing on verge of last moments of his life but cares a lot for the safety of the world environment.

By concluding this, I wondered and whispered myself that which factors are the responsible, who have been damaging this attractive ecosystem, which cannot be found on the map of the universe.

Therefore, it must be a prime responsibility to circulate the message of the plant a tree, which would be counted as a prayer and worship that would save the existence of breathing and living belongings. However, pollution is no less than cancer disease, which is destructing nature day by day but the concerned authority does not seem to be so serious for awareness about its dangers. The things must be resounded timely to protect from the maximum loss. The slogan must be echoed of “SAVE ENVIRONMENT, SAVE EXISTENCE”.


 

Environmental Degradation

One of the major causes of poverty in Pakistan is environmental degradation. Because it affects and causes in the reduction of natural resources such as air, water, and soil; besides in Pakistan, there is the high destruction of ecosystems, habitat destruction, deforestation, the extinction of wildlife and pollution. Thousands of people’s sources of income are associated with ecosystems. If it is depleted where then those poor people will go?

The depletion of natural environmental resources have no doubt caused unprecedented rainfall, cyclones, flooding, earthquakes, drought and such other climatic roars that hamper the economic progress of the Pakistan. This, we also have been observing since last two to three decades.

The extreme conditions of the weather in Pakistan like the floods and heavy rains in 1992, 2003, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013 and 2015. Besides cyclone in 1999, the earthquake in 2005, and an ongoing drought-like situation in the desert of the Thar have significantly affected not only the socio-economic situation but also have damaged infrastructure at enormous scale.

The effects of environmental degradation on the economy are irreversible and it is the less touched challenge in Pakistan. The government does not take environmental degradation as a critical issue.

We are an agrarian developing country where about 24pc GDP depends on the agriculture sector. But unfortunately, due to environmental degradation, our economy is encountering huge losses in the sector.

We already are running short of forested areas and the other hand there is the destruction of remaining forested areas, wetlands are being polluted due to disposing of waste water in it, grasslands and pastures have been reduced and agricultural lands are being decayed due to increasing water-logging. Moreover, owing to the environmental dilapidation, several species of birds and plants have become rare. The fish stock in the wetlands has been depleted – the communities who used to depend on fishing are migrated to the semi-urban settlements.

Due to the severe consequences of environmental degradation, we are facing the problems of land degradation, erosion, and super-flooding this destruction ultimately affects the overall national economy and mostly poor and marginalized communities are affected.

There is no role of forestation in GDP of Pakistan; even forestation in Pakistan is on alarmingly declining. Besides, our environmental degradation is ultimately affecting our overall economic spectrum.

According to the findings of Word Bank in partnership with National Disaster Management Authority, the Ministry of Finance, the securities and exchange commission of Pakistan, the provincial disaster management authorities and the provincial finance departments in 2015 stated that Pakistan causes 3 to 4pc economic loss on the federal budget due to flooding and heavy rains.

The report further analyzes that the annual economic impact of flooding is estimated between US $ 1.2 billion and US $ 1.8 billion, equivalent to between 0.5pc and 0.8pc of national GDP; however simulations show that a major flood event (occurring, on average, once every 100 years) could cause losses in excess of US $ 15.5 billion, which equates to around 7pc of national GDP, equivalent to almost 40pc of the Federal Budget.

According to the Global Climate Risk Index (2017) by Germanwatch indicates that Pakistan is at the high global climate risk it is at number 7th. The risks globally have been analyzed between 1996 up to 2015. Furthermore, the report says that Pakistan has faced 133 natural disaster events, where there is 0.647pc loss in GDP and the total loss in million is US$ 3823.17.

This is a very alarming issue in Pakistan and in future can cause lots of humans as well as economic loss. Awareness at the very grassroots level should be initiated. The government should make such a mechanism which could help people understand the importance of environmental degradation. The forestation movements need to be initiated. The students in universities, colleges and schools should be sensitized about increasing environmental degradation and they should be motivated to plan trees.

 

CAN WE BUY A NEW WORLD

Livelihood is a short eight letter word which has a huge and a wide meaning. Livelihood is defined as “means of securing basic necessities of life such as food, shelter, and clothes.” We, humans, are in a constant race of acquiring the so-called “livelihood” by any means by hook or by crook! But pause for a moment and let us think that are we not in the race which should actually not begin only? Are we not following a bandwagon? Yes, answer’s surely going to be on the affirmative side.

When it’s a discussion about making a world greener, we must know that livelihood has one of the major impacts on making the world greener and making a place where we can actually live. “Live and let others live.” is one of the mottoes always taught in our school days but we humans on becoming a so called adult, join in the tradition of acquiring each and everything from a pin to plane, besides what livelihood we need.

With a rapidly growing population and increased pressure on land bases to provide for the needs of people, forests are vital resources for firewood, nontimber forest products, and timber for national and international markets. 

The basic things which are required for a man to maintain his existence is a piece of cloth, shelter, and food to survive. But today’s scenario is a “brother killing a brother” and a person killing his own child for the food. Entering the golden 21st century is this what which suits us? Is it not a big question mark on today’s society?

“The world has enough for everyone’s need, but not enough for everyone’s greed.” –  Mahatma Gandhi

Yes! The quotation depicts the reality of our today’s cement and concrete life. We all for our purpose are destroying the gift of the natural beauty, mountains, rivers, and a long list follows. “Greed eats all” is the proverb which proves to today’s man. In the name of urbanization, industrialization, etc we all are in a rush to achieve our big dreams forgetting the only earth which we have.

Global warming has its foot on its head, increasing at an alarming rate. Ozone layer depletion is also one of the major problems. Due to global warming, the glaciers are melting down which has caused many problems in major part of the world.

Illiteracy is in the sense of not having knowledge about environment, it’s importance and ways to protect. Population explosion is also one of the serious issues which need to be thrown a limelight. Due to population explosion, there is an increase in demand which in turn causes harmful effects on the environment. This all forms a part of our livelihood. In our daily life also we throw waste, pollute water and air. Vehicles, industries all play an important role in

Vehicles, industries all play an important role in degradation of environment. Our mentality, orthodox nature and superstition also play a role in causing harm to nature. There are deep roots of destruction of what man has created through his way of living which needs to be eradicated.

We normally follow the tag ‘Money matters’ but we need to think from deep inside is it is true? With money, we can buy everything  but can we buy a new world?

Climate Change and Ocean Acidification

Given that they cover 70% of the Earth’s surface and provide about 90% of the planet’s habitable space by volume the oceans tend to get short shrift when it comes to climate change. The leaked draft of the forthcoming coming new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change highlighted the atmospheric warming we’re likely to see, the rate of ice loss in the Arctic and the unprecedented (at least within the last 22,000 years) rate of increase of concentrations of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane. But when it came to the oceans, press reports only focused on how warming would cause sea levels to rise, severely inconveniencing those of us who live on land. Some of that ignorance is due to the out of sight, out of mind nature of the underwater world place human beings have only seen about 5% of. But it has more to do with the relative paucity of data on how climate change might impact the ocean. It’s not that scientists don’t think it matters the reaction of the oceans to increased levels of CO2 will have an enormous effect on how global warming impacts the rest of us it’s that there’s still a fair amount of uncertainty around the subject. But here’s one thing they do know: oceans are absorbing a large portion of the CO2 emitted into the atmosphere in fact; oceans are the largest single carbon sink in the world, dwarfing the absorbing abilities of the Amazon rain forest. But the more CO2 the oceans absorb, the more acidic they become on a relative scale, because some of the carbon reacts within the water to form carbonic acid. This is a slow-moving process it’s not as if the oceans are suddenly going to become made of hydrochloric acid. But as two new studies published yesterday in the journal Nature Climate Change shows, acidification will make the oceans much less hospitable to many forms of marine life and acidification may actually to serve to amplify overall warming. The first study, by the German researchers Astrid Wittmann and Hans-O. Portner, is a meta-analysis looking at the specific effects rising acid levels are likely to have on specific categories of ocean life: corals, echinoderms, molluscs, crustaceans and fishes.

Every category is projected to respond poorly to acidification, which isn’t that surprising pH, which describes the relative acidity of a material, is about as basic a function of the underlying chemistry of life as you can get. (Lower pH indicates more acidity.) Rapid changes and the ocean is acidifying rapidly, at least on a geological time scale will be difficult for many species to adapt to. Corals are likely to have the toughest time. The invertebrate species secretes calcium carbonate to make the rocky coastal reefs that form the basis of the most productive and beautiful ecosystems in the oceans. More acidic oceans will interfere with the ability of corals to form those reefs. Some coral have already shown the ability to adapt to lower pH levels, but combined with direct ocean warming which can lead to coral bleaching, killing off whole reefs many scientists believe that corals could become virtually extinct by the end of the century if we don’t reduce carbon emissions.

The Nature Climate Change study found that mollusks like oysters and squids will also struggle to adapt to acidification, though crustaceans like lobsters and crabs which build lighter exoskeletons seem likely to fare better. With fish it’s harder to know, though those species that live among coral reefs could be in trouble should the coral disappear. But ultimately, as the authors point out, “all considered groups are impacted negatively, albeit differently, even by moderate ocean acidification.” No one gets out untouched.

The other Nature Climate Change study by American, German and British researchers looked at the effects that ocean acidification could have on atmospheric warming. It turns out there may be some feedback the researchers found that as the pH of the oceans dropped, it would result in lower concentrations of the biogenic sulfur compound dimethylsulphide (DMS). Why does that matter? Marine emissions of DMS are the largest natural source of atmospheric sulfur. (Man made sources of sulfur include the burning of coal.) Sulfur, in the form of sulfur dioxide, isn’t a greenhouse gas. But higher levels of sulfur in the atmosphere can reduce the amount of solar energy reaching the Earth’s surface, causing a cooling effect. (In the aftermath of the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in the Philippines in 1991, which threw millions of tons of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere, average global temperatures the two years fell by about 0.5 C.) If acidification decreases marine emissions of sulfur, it could cause an increase in the amount of solar energy reaching the Earth’s surface, speeding up warming which is exactly what the Nature Climate Change study predicts. It’s one more surprise that the oceans have in store for us.