World food day is celebrated on 16th October every year. Food is essential for living organism to survive. Deficiency of food leads to the migration, causes of migration may be natural or artificial. Migrants can be either people moving from one part of the country to another or moving across national borders. Main cause of migration today we face in our country is loss of food & disastrous. Disastrous result due to heavy rainfall and flood which leads to the destruction of our majors crops like cotton, sugarcane and rice.
SUPARCO estimates indicated around a 217,000 ton reduction in rice production, 726,000 tons in sugarcane production and 250,000 bales of cotton were lost due to the 2014 floods. Government of Pakistan should take steps to minimize the chances of floods, in order to minimize the chance of flood government should made new dams to store rain water. As a citizen we should also take steps to overcome global warming. Global warming, industrialization and ozone depletion are the main factors of migration which have heavy effect on food loss.
Almost three-quarters of the extreme poor base their livelihoods on agriculture or other rural activities. Creating conditions that allow rural people, especially youth, to stay at home when they feel it is safe to do so, and to have more resilient livelihoods, is an essential component of responding to the migration challenge. Rural development can address factors that compel people to move by creating business opportunities and jobs for young people. The international community can also harness migration’s potential by investing in rural development and building the resilience of displaced and host communities, thereby laying the ground for long-term recovery and inclusive and sustainable growth.
This year the theme for World Food Day, celebrated annually on 16 October – a date commemorating the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945 – will focus on the link between migration, food security and sustainable rural development.