World food day held every year on 16th of October. This year the theme of world food day is ‘change the future of migration: invest in food security and rural development’
The theme signifies the importance of creating conditions and opportunities for people residing in rural areas especially youth to engage themselves in the development of agriculture and make the people able to withstand difficult conditions.
Migration is something in which people move from one place to another due to several reasons. Following are some of the major causes due to which people are migrating from rural to urban areas:
- Natural disasters
- Lack of facilities
- Natural resource depletion
- Food insecurity
- Limited access to social protection
These are the major factors contributing to migration challenges. Rural poor people face many difficulties in accessing financial support, services, technologies, and markets which allow them to improve the productivity of their natural resources and labor.
Rural development can address such factors which force the people to make business opportunities and jobs for the rural people. These opportunities must not be based on agriculture (such as dairy, poultry, food processing or horticulture enterprises). But as we know more than half countries of the world especially central Asia are agriculture countries so it must be important to provide residing people a better livelihood, jobs, business opportunities etc.
People are considered food secure when they have availability and adequate access at all time to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life. This can only be possible when they are provided with sufficient food etc.
What should we do to change the future of migration?
First, we should understand that about almost three-quarters of people livelihood is based on agriculture and other activities that are performed in the village. One solution is that we should especially the government should invest in food security issues and also on rural development to decrease the rate of migration. People living in rural areas must be provided with enough facilities that they don’t choose the option migration instead they do business and other possible jobs in rural areas to contribute to the development of rural areas. To improve food security following points must be kept in mind;
- Food must be available in sufficient quantities and on consistent basis
- People must be able to acquire adequate amount of food by purchasing, home production, borrowing and other feasible possibilities
- Consumed food must have positive nutritional impact on the health of people
The ministry should distribute water tanks to the area where there is a scarcity of water.
Migration is a part of the process of development and economies undergoes structural transformation and people search for better employment opportunities within and across the countries. It can contribute to economic growth, improve food security and rural development.
All is needed for the decision maker is to listen and implement so that future of migration can be changed.