Migration means leaving one place and moving into a different place to seek better chances to improve one’s life. No doubt that migration does help host countries by increasing their skilled workforce and by providing them with more intellectual minds to work and boost their economics.
In 2015, the number of people migrating was up to 1 out of every 7 people in the world.Every picture has two sides, so on a darker aspect, migration brings lose to the home country and the immigrants as well because it is not easy to leave your homeland behind and start living on another place, working from zero again. As a habitant of an underdeveloped and developing countries, one has to struggle for the basic necessities of life i.e. food, shelter and clothing.
As we know that in the past few decades, the migration rate from Pakistan to abroad has increased immensely, mostly due to lack of resources and job opportunities in Pakistan. An educated person needs a good job in order to live well, but the main reasons for migrations from Pakistan are mainly poverty, hunger, climate changes and no jobs available.
From such conditions, the most impacted parts are the rural areas that lack basic schooling facilities. First of all, their children remain illiterate mainly due to poverty and also due to lack of awareness of the importance of education. Secondly, even if a child works hard to complete his schooling still he has to struggle a lot for his higher education as there are no higher education setups in Pakistan’s rural areas and in urban areas, they are way too expensive for a farmer or any villager to afford.
So our government needs to invest in policies of food securities and rural development so that these farmers are provided with the right tools and taught the techniques to produce more profit with less investment.
Yes, we can change future of migration. But there is need to overcome some critical problems existing in rural areas. According to my observation, natives of rural areas feel more comfortable to live in the land of love(Villages) than city life. But unfortunately, some factors like fewer income resources, poor education system, poverty, and hunger compel these people to flee their homes.
These problems can be addressed by awareness programs. Rural people mostly depend directly or indirectly on Agriculture. If Agriculture system can be improved then living style of rural people will become better. And it can also lead to increased food security.
The better Education system can also change the concept of migration. An educated farmer will do his agricultural practices in modern ways. So improved Education system, good transport facilities, political stability and awareness programs are vital to deal to change migration concept.
Growing population of urban areas is making food security even more challenging. So it is necessary to turn the future 0f migration by providing these people a balanced life style in rural areas.
Change the future of migration, Invest in food security and rural development is the theme to celebrate the world food day. It may wonder you that why the word celebrates is used by me because this is not a day to celebrate but is to inform the whole world that food insecurity is chopping the human life like a chopping machine which remains known to people until it chops the crop. Yes, I am sure to say that all the high-class people (politicians) just celebrate this day. Yes, they talk about food insecurity but merely for a while when they sit on the dining tables of white houses and also get money from it. The hell is going on is, that media goes to snap their personalities but not to capture their real responsibilities for the betterment of mankind.
Oh! No, yet I have to go to the concerned points and after it you have to decide that either I was true or not to use the word celebrate. I want to ask some questions to you because you are going to read it and you have to decide where are you paying either in the celebrations of politicians or in securing your food.
My questions are
- Is it possible to celebrate World Food Day in rural areas? If yes, then why we are not doing this?
- Has the government provided basic facilities to poor farmers? If it has then why the government does not enquire that how poor the farmers are?
- Why the whole money is not being invested in rural development which is utilized to celebrate the World Food Day by government offices in urban areas? I think it will be the U Tern in migrations towards cities. Am I right?
- Do you think that media channels ratting become lower if the company for “Not to migrate towards cities” Or “Secure your food through rural areas development”?
- Because I am a student so towards me, this is the most important question “That why not VC of any university calls to open an “Agriculture College or University” in a rural area on this day?
- What are these suggestions or questions? This is another question.
I have much more things to say but my heart says me to stop. So I have nothing to say but a Say is to say.
“I read once that the ancient Egyptians had fifty words for sand and Eskimos had a hundred words for snow. I wish I had a thousand words to say that our food is secured and rural life is developed.”
If I was called to set a theme for World food Day than I would like to suggest
“Please Save the Death in Life of Poor’s, By giving them Food of Yours.”
As Pakistan is a developing country, has accelerated process of urbanization. The rapid concentration of population in large cities such as (Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi etc) during the recent decades has been a striking feature of the urbanization process in Pakistan.
What Is Urbanization Process?
Urbanization process means the movement of people from rural to urban areas of the country. It takes place in 2 stages, in first stage male member of family temporarily moves to an urban setting in search of work, while in the second stage the male member also calls upon his rest of family to the urban areas and thus settle there permanently.
Why Process Of Migration Take Place?
- The livelihood of rural people totally depends on agricultural land so income from agricultural land is uncertain as it depends upon various factors the major one is the weather.
- People need jobs for which they are paid monthly, weekly and yearly to support their family.
- Lack of education facilities for rural children.
- Rural people want to free their children from the oppression of feudal system.
- Introduction of machinery in agriculture that takes place of rural workers who works on agriculture lands.
- Natural disasters.
As Per 1998 census
- 43% migrants within household head.
- 17% because of marriages.
- 12% for employment.
- 9% for business
Impacts Of Migration On Urban Areas
- Public land unavailable.
- Creation of problem in infrastructure development.
- Transport has become a major issue.
- Creation of informal settlements.
- Water and sewage discharge to water bodies.
Development Planning Of Food Security and Rural Development
In view of the important role of migration in the social and economic development process, an understanding of factors affecting migration to urban areas is considered important for the formulation of appropriate policies regarding population redistribution within the country. There are certain plans regarding to reduce the rate of migration by proper plannings.
- Increase investment, including through enhancing international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agriculture research and extension services.
- Proper distribution of food to people of the village at the time of natural disasters such as famine. Build the resilience of rural communities to cope with and recover from natural disasters.
- Promote equitable access to land, water, financial resources, and technologies.
- Industries are organized in places near rural areas that provide the jobs opportunities.
- The government has to provide better verities of seeds and good quality fertilizer to made farmers land strong and perfect yield.
- An institute has to develop who guide the village people, how to improve their livelihood.
- A healthy and dynamic agriculture sector is an important foundation of rural development generating strong development to another economic sector.
- Strengthen rural healthcare facilities and capacities, train and increase the number of health and nutrition professionals.
- Eliminate old and new form of illiteracy in a rural community.
- Invest in essential infrastructure and services for rural communities.
- Enhance access of rural population to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation.
- Strength the links between agriculture and other sectors of rural areas.
- Actively promote forest management.
- Increase access of rural populations, particularly a woman, youth, indigenous people to market as well as affordable financial and business advisory services.
- Promote agriculture industry such as mining, service industries, construction, and commerce, in a sustainable manner, as a source of employment and income for the rural population.
- Promote women employment and gender equality.