World food day held every year on 16th of October. This year the theme of world food day is ‘change the future of migration: invest in food security and rural development’
The theme signifies the importance of creating conditions and opportunities for people residing in rural areas especially youth to engage themselves in the development of agriculture and make the people able to withstand difficult conditions.
Migration is something in which people move from one place to another due to several reasons. Following are some of the major causes due to which people are migrating from rural to urban areas:
- Natural disasters
- Lack of facilities
- Natural resource depletion
- Food insecurity
- Limited access to social protection
These are the major factors contributing to migration challenges. Rural poor people face many difficulties in accessing financial support, services, technologies, and markets which allow them to improve the productivity of their natural resources and labor.
Rural development can address such factors which force the people to make business opportunities and jobs for the rural people. These opportunities must not be based on agriculture (such as dairy, poultry, food processing or horticulture enterprises). But as we know more than half countries of the world especially central Asia are agriculture countries so it must be important to provide residing people a better livelihood, jobs, business opportunities etc.
People are considered food secure when they have availability and adequate access at all time to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life. This can only be possible when they are provided with sufficient food etc.
What should we do to change the future of migration?
First, we should understand that about almost three-quarters of people livelihood is based on agriculture and other activities that are performed in the village. One solution is that we should especially the government should invest in food security issues and also on rural development to decrease the rate of migration. People living in rural areas must be provided with enough facilities that they don’t choose the option migration instead they do business and other possible jobs in rural areas to contribute to the development of rural areas. To improve food security following points must be kept in mind;
- Food must be available in sufficient quantities and on consistent basis
- People must be able to acquire adequate amount of food by purchasing, home production, borrowing and other feasible possibilities
- Consumed food must have positive nutritional impact on the health of people
The ministry should distribute water tanks to the area where there is a scarcity of water.
Migration is a part of the process of development and economies undergoes structural transformation and people search for better employment opportunities within and across the countries. It can contribute to economic growth, improve food security and rural development.
All is needed for the decision maker is to listen and implement so that future of migration can be changed.
“A Development based on the well being of human and their surroundings where they live together and always think about to make things easier they used for daily life to get a comfortable life”
A development has different level of impacts and distinguished into three class
- Non Complying
Each of the class mentions above has its own impact according to execution process and their advantages for humans
Complying level has low impact on the surrounding area
- Non Complying
Noncomplying level are land uses and which are not envisaged and encouraged within a particular area such as residential area, Industrial zone, and agricultural zone as well
Merit development is individually assessed on its merit regarding the plan and development act
Agriculture Rural Development
Rural development in the field of agriculture has a lot of benefits in regard to improving the quality of life and economic well being of the living hood.
Agriculture development in last decade has an amazing impact on farmer life as we witness a lot of economic growth by using the modern tools in the agriculture field. Agriculture is also a noble and holy profession as mention in the Quran
“Have you seen that seed which you sow”
Sur, waqia 23
Nowadays to cultivate a seed are easier than a decade back. The Humans made a lot of modern tools to help the farmers to plow the filed in such a short time and fertile the field by using fertilizers and improving the yield.
In Pakistan, the first agricultural revolution came in the 20th century in which the authorities aware the farmers using the fertilizers to increase the yield and implementing the pesticide to control the insect which harms the field and minimize the yield.
Food security is in fact much more than just food production, distribution, and consumption. Food is the topmost priority for everybody since our inception. It gives us the energy to grow and live stronger. Apart from dietary needs, food has a cultural value as well. Many cultures hold some food preferences and some food taboos. Dietary choices can also define cultures and play a role in religion. For example, only halal foods are permitted by Islam, kosher foods by Judaism, and in Hinduism beef is restricted. In addition, the dietary choices of different countries or regions have different characteristics. This is highly related to a culture’s cuisine. Food security means to secure the food of peoples all the time and provide them easy access to food to meet their dietary needs
Investment in food security
Investment in food security is the main pole to eradicate the poverty as naturally agriculture and food are the fundamental keys and play an important role in the development of the society.
As it’s the rule of marketing that producing the product in excessive quantity grater the rate of consumer and rewarding the producer efficiently which is automatically an economic growth and food security as well. Also when your product produced in massive quantity and send to the market at the same rate it definitely sustains the rate of product and could be easily available for the consumer at affordable and cheap prices.
We could also make the food security safer by setting up different plants and financing the producer by different mean to help out the consumers
Farmer is one of the most important pillar in the field of agriculture and food producer
farmer is the largest investor in primary agriculture. We all know that there are 80 % of the peoples who adopted the profession of farmers and occupying the 70% of land using for agriculture purpose so by pay a small share to farmer could boosting the agriculture production and contributing to food security and better nutrition so in this way we could also eradicate the poverty and make food security for all peoples
It is necessary to develop the rural areas because Rural development play a vital rule in changing the future of migration. Many people migrate from Rural areas to Urban because there are no fundamental needs like good food, Health facilities and Quality Education etc. available in the rural areas due to these problems peoples are forced to migrate from Rural areas to Urban areas for the sake of enhancement of their life style which cause the overcrowding in the cities. If the Rural areas are developed than no one need to leave their homeland for sources.
It is also necessary to give the priority to Agriculture instead of industry because Agriculture holds great significance for Pakistan. Pakistan has great potential of agriculture and at the time of independence Pakistan was mainly an agricultural country. Industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a country from an agrarian society to an industrial one. Pakistan’s principal natural resources are arable land and water. About 25% of Pakistan’s agriculture accounts for about 21% of GDP and employs about 43% of the labour force.
World food day theme for this year: change the future of migration, invest in food security and rural development. Theme highlighted the main issue of developing countries where people face more climatic and social issues and disasters, in these circumstances they mostly end up to migrate to better place seeking the better future and security.
Food security is about the state of having sufficient food quantity and good nutritional quality in the affordable range. While in our country Pakistan the main cause of food insecurity is climatic changes which are drastically affected our crop production. Our country is blessed with agricultural biodiversity although from the past few decade our average yield is doubled hunger and malnutrition persist as usual.
Due to the change in climate, our agricultural biodiversity is at great risk. Our agricultural landscape is being uninformed by growing certain specific varieties which are homogenizing our diversity which lead to a narrow range of crops.
According to my view, we have to change with the change of climate and more likely to secure our agriculture production and rural society. More than half of nation is on the risk of malnutrition cause our staple food is wheat, rice, corn and pulses which is deficient in vitamin A, iron and zinc we have diversified our farm production to fulfill the proper need of nutrient.
As the proportion of urbanization is increasing on highest rate in our regions according to international survey which is also the cause of food insecurity .when we talk about our food system future we must take notice on rural-urban linkage as more of our population is living under urban centre or they are migrating to the urbanization because of declining income of farmer, so we have more consumer then the producers. The rural population is moving out of farming or fields and making other ways of earning as in industries and services.
Policymakers should have to consider the small town for development and take steps for rural transformation where you can globalize the agriculture and food system and develop the Deprived villages into small cities with more activities and well resourced .this ultimately change the future of migration and by rural transformation we can invest in better food system and by Giving good governance in term of rural-urban linkage we can transform our system.