World Food Day

World food day

It is celebrated on “16 October” every year on a global scale. The theme of 2018 on “WORLD FOOD DAY” is…

“Our actions are our Future”

Food is the basic requisite which must be fulfilled by every citizen of any country and a person of every religion, and creed in any geographical regions.

Food is basically any healthy matter which any living being eats, drink or can gain energy and fulfill its daily needs from.”

Foodies are the people who have tenderness to eat food as their obsession and not just because of hunger.

Food in Different Continents:

European people like to have a beer, blini, crepe and specifically borshch. Americans are fond of southern bbq. African like cuisines. In Asia, foodies adore to have Thai-basil chicken. Australians like to have burgers simply while Antarticans are fond of having fish and other sea-foods.

Foods in Pakistan:

In Pakistan, diverse regions have different cultures and traditions in food also. Like Punjabis eat food having much spices and chilies e.g; nan chany, karahi, biryani etc. While the people living in northern western (KPK) used to have saltish food e.g; Balochis and the people of Gilgit like to have dishes having less salt and almost no spices e.g; Saji, sea-food.

World food day theme in 2017 was “Zero hunger” but unfortunately it is might be possible in 2030 it is beneficial to celebrate food day internationally to lessen the scarcity at any level.

Major reasons that why we need to act upon this zero-hunger slogan:

    It could save the precious lives of 3.1million malnourished children wide-reaching.

    Well-nourished mothers could have well-nourished babies in their laps.

    GDPA could be increased up to 16.5% by acting upon this line of attack.

    Economical enhancement can also occur as a result of this NO HUNGER system.

    A healthy lifetime earning is upgraded as a result.

    Eliminating the iron deficiency can boost-up the efficiency rate up to 20%.

    9.4% of work-force can be increased by dwindling the mortality rate among children.

    Increasing food would be helpful for creating a more prosperous, healthier and satisfied human environment.

 

Food security and threats

Ever growing population and faltering economy, along with, the disastrous changes being witnessed in the climate of the country has severely threatened the food security of the state. Pakistan, being the agricultural country, has highly depended on the wheat, rice and other food articles. Despite the high growth rate in these areas, unfair distribution and hoarding of the grain as well as unpredictable high prices make it hard for the poor and unemployed people to buy for diet. Concurrently, for the food security, economic and social strength is essential to maintain sufficient food availability because lower economic growth results in the failure of buying power of the people. Scary Statistics are shown by the Global Report on the Food Crises 2017 in which Pakistan is among those top three south Asian countries who are most poverty stricken in the world i.e. Bangladesh and India. It shows that 5o million child’s, under age 5 have not weight enough to meet height. Agricultures sector that was most progressing in the 2000s had plummeted to negative growth last year and this year, it has growth rate of 2.01%. with this growth rate and declining the stock exchange reserves, poverty would rise to unprecedented scale and would further deteriorate the food situation.

Horrible situation came to front in the supreme court hearing in which the plight of the children of the Thar was noticed. Unavailability of the food caused death of hundreds of the children, at the same, no long-term initiative has been taken to ensure the food security there that is the fundamental right as per law. Concurrently, where global population is expected to be doubled till 2050, situation is far worse for the countries like us with high population growth rate.  Provision of the safe food to millions of people in the face of impending threats of global warming, melting of glaciers, shrinking agricultural lands and declining exports pose high risk to the massive population. According to the recent estimates, cultivated agriculture land has declined from 0.45% in 1996 to 0.15% in 2018. Deficiency of the food is also due to the energy crises that posed multidimensional problems i.e. unemployment, shut down of the business, cut down in exports, decrease foreign reserves and slow agricultural growth. With these multifaceted issues, food threats become more illuminant and hazardous.

Globally, incentives are taken to use more technology and manpower to raise up growth of the food items in proportion with the rising population. Even in the country like us, lavish use of the meat, milk, butter and other articles of food linked with rural life have reduced due to massive urbanization and lack of incentive on the part of the government. This has generated need of the artificial industry to meet the demand of the meat, milk, butter and fast food. Unplanned urbanization has resulted in the reduction of the cultivated lands, cities have absorbed massive chunks of the land leaving huge unemployment.  In the same way, unemployment is linked with the domestic agricultural and industrial growth that is sluggish in our country. If any country has robust growing economy, their population always have had enough earnings to buy food, but, if economy is already faltering, lack of resources on the part of people would make their survival difficult.

The government should boost economic growth by taking much needed steps of giving incentives to the industrial and agricultural sector that would in return, create jobs for the people. With the rewarding jobs, threats of the food security can be tackled. Moreover, climate change is endangering the existence of the agricultural sector in our country. Immediate measures are required to be implemented in controlling the climate change in collaboration with other neighboring countries in order to maintain reasonable temperature to avert the threats of ice melting. Thus, food security and economic growth interact with each other and go hand in hand.

Food Security

Food security as defined by the united nations committee on world food security is the condition in which all people, at all times, have physical social and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Food security is a condition related to the supply of food and individual’s access to it. There is evidence of granaries being in use over 10,000 years ago, with central authorities in civilizations including ancient China and ancient Egypt were known to release food from storage in times of famine.

At the 1974 world food conference, the term ‘food security ‘was defined with an emphasis on supply. Food security, they said, is the availability at all times of adequate world food supplies of basic foodstuff, to sustain a steady prolongation of food consumption and to energize fluctuation in production and prices. Household food security exists when all members, at all times, have access to enough food for an active healthy life. Individuals who are food secure do in live in hunger or fear of starvation food insecurity, on the other hand, is a situation of limited or capricious availability of nutritionally passable and safe food or limited or mercurial ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways.

According to united states department of agricultural (USDA) food security incorporation a measure of resilience to future disruption or unavailability of critical food supply due to various risk factors including droughts, shipping disruptions, fuel shortages, economic instability, and wars. In the year 2011-13, an estimated 842 million people were suffering from chronic hunger. The food and agriculture or organization of the United Nations identified the four pillars of food security as availability, access, utilization, and stability. The United Nations (UN) recognized the right to food in the declaration of human rights in 1948. And has since noted that it is vital for the enjoyment of all other rights. The 1996 world summit on food security declared that ‘food should not be used as an instrument for political and economic pressure.

According to the international center for trade and sustainable developments failed agricultural market regulation and the lack of anti-dumping mechanisms cause much of the world’s food security and malnutrition.

Thus we can conclude that food security is of great importance because the greater security provided to food will leads to the healthier environment and healthy environment is perhaps one of the essential requirement for economic development. So, we cannot deny the momentousness of food security.

بھوک، خوراک

یہ ہے ہمارا کامیاب پاکستان جہاں بھوک اور افلاس کا بازار گرم ہے غریب طبقہ اپنی پیٹ کی آگ بجھانے کے لئے کیا کیا نہیں کرتے اور ہم کس حد تک گہرائیوں میں جا کر ریسرچ ورک کرتے ہیں۔ یہ ریسرچ یہ مردم شماری کے گراف بنانا سب کچھ میری نظر میں فضول ہے کیوں کہ ہمارے ملک میں غریبوں کی کوئی شنوائی نہیں ہوتی۔۔ہر کوئی اپنی دھت میں مست ہے اور اپنی ہی ذات کے بارے میں سوچ کر پریشان ہیں۔
ویسے دیکھا جائے تو یہ ہمارے معاشرے کی ایک مسک تصویر ہے جو ہر کسی کی ضمیر کو جھنجوڑ کر رکھ دیتی ہے۔