As Pakistan is a growing and developing country and for the past few years its condition is not much improving, this in act is further affecting the condition of women. As more and more people are affected thus poverty is increasing.
When the world has come into existence, from the time of the end, the woman achieves perfection. How much more than this woman, who kept the holy paradise under the feet, in the form of a woman, her degrees are high. “Being a mother, it is a paradise, a woman being a wife is able to have a spirit, as sister it is a pray, and a Daughter it is a kind of Blessing.” We are well aware of the greatness of the woman. Pakistani women, especially rural women, play a vital role in agriculture and contribute in all operations linked to crop production and livestock management at field level. The majority of the women living in the rural areas are involved in poultry farming, cattle farming, and handicrafts.
Women are also responsible for performing household activities, looking after their family members, preparing food for them three times a day and fetching drinking water and fuel for cooking. But Now Many NGOs also doing work for girl’s education they convince parents, give awareness to them and giving them free schooling. In Pakistan, apparently through the perspective of Islam this country says it gives equal right to both men and women but there is another side to the picture. Women constitute a small portion in decision making and they contribute very less o the development of the country as there labor force participation with respect to men is very less. The status of women in this country represents the traditions and the social customs, which led women to this condition.
Women are always underprivileged then man in Pakistan, they get less education, food, decision making and health. As it considered, men are the lords of women, and women are deprived from their basic rights. Women destiny is controlled by men. This is not the case in Pakistan only but also in many countries men are considered superior than women. To achieve development, we have to convert our weakness to strengths. The living conditions of women, their poverty and huge family household prevent them from gaining education. Since the beginning girls are required to work with their mothers to look after the whole family and do household chores this, therefore limits their time and energy to get involved in education. Issue of illiteracy is the main priority for women. As only educated women can access to economic and political sphere.
A lot of work must be done to finish inequality and discrimination based on gender especially in schools .hard work must be done to enroll all children in to school, especially girls. And to make sure that they complete their studies up till tertiary level as this can lead to good productive jobs and high economic growth for the whole country.
Economic participation refers to contribution of females to workforce in quantitative terms. Economic opportunity is related to how much women are involved in the economy, beyond their mere presence as workers. This problem is concentrated in developed countries where women gain access to employment easily but they have little chances of upward mobility.
Since beginning women face a lot of constraint and these restraints replicate women’s difficulty in education; lack of power and confidence and negotiating authority; as from their household they are misjudge which effects in low self-respect plus with comparatively high participation in part-time or transitory professions; leads to less employment for women and discrimination against them. Despite women’s increased participation in the labor market, there has been no significant increase in the sharing of unpaid work, which affects women’s employment choices.
In Pakistan, especially in rural areas Violence against women is very common. And they are not encouraged to report their cases to police. If anyone of them does that, instead of giving them their proper right, they are subjugated to humility. The dowry has been maintained and thousands of females are killed every year by their husbands because the dowry is too little. And as the majority of the cases are not registered so more than half of the scenarios do not come to the surface. Moreover, male children are given more rights than female. As the girl is considered a burden for the whole family, especially when children are ill, the parents favor to pay treatment for sons than for daughters, resultantly more girls die.Women are not free to move in the villages and suffer severe restriction on their movement.
The role of women outside the home has become an important feature of the social and economic life of the country and in the years to come, this will become still more significant. From this point of view, greater attention will have to be paid to the problems of training and development of women. The education of girls, therefore, should be emphasized not only on grounds of social justice but also because it accelerates social transformation. Promoting women education is a challenging task and it required multipronged efforts for a solution.