Climate change is an alarming issue nowadays which is faced by the whole world. It is affecting the life drastically. The main reason behind this sudden change in environment is deforestation. According to a review forest should cover 31 % of the total area of land but in Pakistan it exists on less than 4 % of the total area. Deforestation is playing a leading role to promote global warming, floods, soil erosion and heavy storms.
Global warming is associated directly with the rise in temperature; increase in the concentration of CO2 and depletion of ozone layer. Cutting trees is increasing the temperature due to less evaporation of water from the plant body surface. Less evaporation of water increases the temperature of biosphere and causes less rainfall on earth. In other way deforestation also enhances pollution of the environment and eventually causing acid rains.
Trees are the big source of oxygen production and help us utilize the extra concentration of CO2 (Carbon dioxide) in the atmosphere.
Due to a high concentration of CO2 atmospheric temperature is increasing day by day. Smog is also produced by the high CO2 concentration in the atmosphere through the terrific smokes on the roads. Last year, it was the big issue in the Punjab Province which caused many deaths through road accidents. Increase in the concentration of CO2 is also damaging the ozone layer and is depleting it gradually. Harmful rays emitted from the sun are prevented through ozone layer to reach on the earth. But due its depletion radioactive rays are penetrating from the ozone and striking on the earth. These rays are hazardous and cause cancer and many allergic diseases in humans.
Trees also hold the earth firmly by providing protection from the sudden environmental changes like floods. Mostly these are planted on the banks of rivers to make them strong. But due to increase in the trend of cutting trees, floods are occurring at an alarming rate and 2010 floods are a logical example of deforestation. Every year some portions of all the provinces are flooded with river flood. Flood is not only damaging our homes, buildings but also make our land barren through soil erosion. In this situation, soil nutrients are moved to another part of the earth. Thus soil fertility is decreased and it is converted to saline soil. Therefore, our land is converted into deserts gradually.
Trees are being cut down due to ever increasing population rate. There is no check and balance to control population. So we have to face this in the form of deforestation which is considered to be very dangerous for us and our coming generations as well. As like focusing on the food crops to fulfill the demands of food, there is a need to make strategies for trees planting along with other field crops. Paper industry is benefitting from use of trees but as compared to trees cutting, planting of trees ratio is very low. It is necessary to plant one tree in your lawn with the newborn baby for its oxygen source.
It is concluded that we have to plant trees more and more. Just as we celebrate other days we should also celebrate forest day with seminars and conferences for awareness and its implementation as well. This is the only way to get rid of the great issue of climate change. Grow more trees to make you and other people lives more pleasant.
Though I lived most of my life in urban areas my roots belong to rural areas and I spent a remarkable time of my life in a rural part of the country. There is a huge difference if I compare the time of today and time I experienced 5-10 years ago. I feel the change in the air I breathe and the path I walk on.
I see dull faces of farmers worried about annual yield and how they are going to pay their debts. Sadly, the government of Pakistan has not planned much about their agriculture sector on which 50-60% of their population relies on. Pakistan has the best canal and irrigation system in the world and we are not taking full benefit from this blessing.
We are witnessing a majority of rural sector migrating to the urban sector because of immense losses in agriculture businesses. Ultimately, population density in big cities increases rapidly causing other major issues. This is also a major cause of the falling economy, food crisis, and inequality. The rights of the farmers must be reviewed and their benefit must be made sure otherwise a major source of income would vanish within just a few years.
Especially the areas where Pakistan excels such as cotton, rice, and wheat production, it is God gifted that we have excellent climatic conditions for these. Pakistan needs to improve its production of corn, vegetables, and oilseed so that imports of the country are lessened. Pakistan has everything that needs to be in a developed country but unfortunately, we are not fully benefiting from those resources.
Agriculture is the backbone of the country has declined so much that it has become crucial for Pakistan to stabilize. So, if Pakistan promotes and invests in agriculture more like it should, it would definitely result in prosperity.
Yes, we can change future of migration. But there is need to overcome some critical problems existing in rural areas. According to my observation, natives of rural areas feel more comfortable to live in the land of love(Villages) than city life. But unfortunately, some factors like fewer income resources, poor education system, poverty, and hunger compel these people to flee their homes.
These problems can be addressed by awareness programs. Rural people mostly depend directly or indirectly on Agriculture. If Agriculture system can be improved then living style of rural people will become better. And it can also lead to increased food security.
The better Education system can also change the concept of migration. An educated farmer will do his agricultural practices in modern ways. So improved Education system, good transport facilities, political stability and awareness programs are vital to deal to change migration concept.
Growing population of urban areas is making food security even more challenging. So it is necessary to turn the future 0f migration by providing these people a balanced life style in rural areas.
Humans are facing the miseries of wars right from the ancient times. But the destruction of wars multiplied by thousands since the emergence of modern warfare technology. The mankind is facing a severe threat of vanishing from the mother planet, as technological advancement has resulted in modern lethal warfare tools like, “CHEMICAL, RADIOLOGICAL, BIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR ARSENALS”, capable of destroying “OUR MOTHER PLANET IN FEW MOMENTS TIME”. The tragedy with human intellectual capacities is that it has been used more for the pessimistic approaches than for optimistic humanly approaches. Interestingly, humans are feeling a threat from fellow humans and are using this massive technological advancement for killing each other with modern and innovative means. For example, the technology of drone is utilized for killing fellow humans to get the pessimistic material and non-material goals. Since, its inclusion in military fleets, it has killed thousands of humans across the globe.
My argument is that whole world especially the powerful actors in the global political need to focus their technological development for the betterment of mankind. The utilization of same technology resulting in the killing of innocent humans can be used for safeguarding them from different real threats faced by the mankind. “CLIMATE CHANGE IS ONE OF THE SERIOUS AND SEVERE THREATS FACED BY THE MANKIND”. In all these fearful situations, good news has made us enlightened with respect to the positive use of technological development. Recently, a drone is invented which is very useful for quick plantation of multiple species of plants in a number of thousands. The drone is capable of reducing workload together with reach out of areas which are hard to access. The thousand year’s loss of deforestation can be revived by utilizing modern drone technology by plantation scheme at a massive level across the globe especially the regions which are going to be severely affected by the climate change.
The drones are capable of aerial survey for identification of plantation zones. It can “DROP SEEDS INSTEAD OF BOMBS” from many heights with high accuracy resulting in a greater probability of plant growth. It can also be used for monitoring purpose making it efficient in hard areas to access. The drone plantation scheme can be very useful in lessening the threat of climate change, a threat which can be assumed as much lethal as modern advanced warfare destructive capacities arsenals. The only thing difficult to understand about climate change is its hidden fatalness to mankind.
What I feel vital for the survival of humanity is social construction of patterns on all levels for the betterment of humanity irrespective of any discrimination. The fact which is to be understood by “ALL MAJOR STAKEHOLDERS” of the world in the global political system is that “ENEMY IS NOT THE FELLOW HUMANS BUT THREATS LIKE CLIMATE CHANGE”, which is silently making our world a dangerous place for living. We badly need to utilize modern technological advancement like “DRONES” for “DROPPING SEEDS NOT BOMBS”, to make this “PLANET A BETTER PLACE FOR LIVING”. And I have a belief, “YES WE CAN”