Gender can be defined as the state of being male or female (typically used with reference to social and cultural differences rather than biological ones).
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Gender roles as “Socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers suitable for men and women”.
Gender equality, also known as sexual equality.
It is the state of equal relieve of access to resources and opportunities regardless of gender.
Including economic contribution and decision-making.
The state of valuing diverse behaviors, aspirations and needs equally, regardless of gender.
A research done on gender portrays that female science teachers perceiving greater collegiality among teachers, higher gender equity among students, and stronger professional interest, and with male science teachers perceiving lower work pressure and better teacher-student relations. And it was concluded that the Gender differences in science teachers’ perceptions of collegiality, work pressure, and gender equity in the school environment persisted even after controlling for teachers’ backdrop and school characteristics.
The major issues women face in this era and before:
Farming and Agriculture.
Land ownership and management.
Women’s property status.
Man’s violent nature towards her.
– The encouragement of women’s right on the ground of the equality of the sexes-
“WE CANNOT ALL SUCCEED WHEN HALF OF US ARE HELD BACK.”
“IF YOU WANT SOMETHING SAID, ASK A MAN; IF YOU WANT SOMETHING DONE ASK A WOMAN”
What is Transgender?
“Transgender is also a separate gender in which one is confused in his/her identity that differs from their assigned sex.”
- Over 10,000 Trans-genders are present in Pakistan.
- 1.4 million All over the globe.
Efforts that prohibit employment discrimination based on factors:
- Race or sexual orientations require certain organizational changes.
- Creating a transgender-inclusive workplace requires organizational changes (including personnel, policy, legal, and medical issues unique to transgender people.)
Recommendations are made to improve the implementation and enforcement of transgender-inclusive nondiscrimination laws and transgender-inclusive environment.
For females, we have to develop a society in which violence and inhumane behaviors must not be tolerated under the provision of laws.
For males, we need to lower down the financial burden and provide increased incentives with less work.