Change the future of migration invest in food security and rural development

Migration is the movement of people from one region to any other region. It can be done from country to country or within the country.
Reasons for migration
There are many reasons in which some important are below
• Lack of food sources
• Natural Disaster such as Earth quack or Flood etc
• For the sake of knowledge or Earning
• Pollution
If migration is not be done then it causes Poverty, Conflict, Hunger and many other issues.
In many regions of Pakistan people start to urbanize.They start to move from villages to the city for better facilities which are not provided to them there.
So farmers leave to grow crops or others vegetables because they invest more but do not get reasonable benefits so they began to move in cities for the sake of healthy earning and they left the farming.
So its an alarming Situation for us because if this trend (urbanization)goes for a long time.
A time will come then Pakistan lacks food and we have to import the food from other countries. It will be a huge loss of our economic conditions.
Organic farming should be done. In organic farming, there is no use of chemical.
So if farmers promote the organic farming they will get healthy fruits.
But unfortunately, our farmers focus on the use of a chemical which is not good.
Extensive Use of chemical also a factor of climate change.
Food security will be a major issue in near future so we have to do something for this alarming situation.
Food security: Is the situation that exists, when all the people, at all the time have social & economic access to sufficient safe nutritive food that meets their dietary needs.
I want to share the serious problem of my city Rajanpur. Tha Rajanpur District is located in southern Punjab. It lies entirely west of the Indus River.
The Sulaiman Mountains are present on the west of Rajanpur.
Due to these mountains, Flash floods are common in this region.
After the rain, the water flows down from the mountains toward the city and hits the crops which are grown by farmers and houses.
This flood damaged many houses and also spread a lot of disease to the animals and peoples.
So due to such conditions, farmers fail to Produce crops so they have to left the farming.
Cotton, sugarcane, Rice, and wheat is the crops which are grown in Rajanpur. The agriculture of Rajanpur is only depended upon canal irrigation.
Due to flood, The people displaced or migrate to other cities.
These are such things and conditions that are the main cause of Migration.
Suggestion :
(how to tackle such conditions)
To avoid the food security issues we must educate the farmers about the importance of farming, for the good of the country.
We must provide them such facilities which they required such as schools, health centers, and another institute.
These things made them not to move in cities because all these facilities will be present in their own village.
Secondly, the farmer should grow highly dense grasses around his crops in case of flash floods these dense grass act as resistance or barrier and slow down the flow of water.
Or Farmer should not grow the crops near the slopy areas.
Govt. should work for the welfare of farmers.
Govt. should encourage the farmers to grow more and more crops.

ناانصافي تي مبني ٽيڪس نظام جي چڪيءَ ۾ پسجندڙ عام ماڻهو!

ڪنهن بـ ملڪ جي  نظام کي هلائڻ لاءُ عوام کان ٽيڪس اڳاڙي تمام ضروري هوندي  آهي. دنياجي سمورن ملڪن  ۾اهو عمل ڪنهن نه ڪنهن صورت ۾ جاري آهي

  سڌريل ملڪن جي ڀيٽ ۾ اسان جي ملڪ ۾ ٽيڪس اڳاڙي وارو نظام ناانصافي تي مبني آهي.جيڪو غريب کي غريب تر  ۽ امير کي امير تر بنائڻ  لاءُ  سمورا رستا هموار ڪري رهيو آهي. ان ڪري ملڪ ۾ پنڻ تي ڪا به پابندي ڪونهي گلي گلي ۾ فقيرن جون قطارون نظر اچن ٿيون اهڙي طرح   حڪمرانن طرفان به پنڻ به تمام گهڻو آسان ٿي ويو آهي، ائين کڻي چئجي ته حڪمران ان ڪم ۾ ايترا ته ماهر ٿي ويا آهن جو ڪنهن جي به آڏو هٿ جهلڻ کان ڪا جهجهڪ محسوس نٿا ڪن, هاڻي ته اسان جا حڪمران قرض به خيرات جيان وٺن ٿا.  جنهن جي ادائگي لاءُ عوام خصوصن پيڙهيل طبقي کي ڳاٽي ٽوڙ ٽيڪس ادا ڪرڻا پوندا آهن دنيا جي مختلف وڏن مالياتي ادارن طرفان قرض طور ملندڙ اهڙِي سموري رقم پائيدار ترقياتي رٿائن تي يا عوامي بهبود جي ڪمن تي خرچ ڪرڻ بدران حڪمرانن جي ذاتي استعمال ۾ آندي ويندي آهي، جنهن ڪري ان کي خيرات چوڻ ئي بهتر رهندو، ڇاڪاڻ ته اها اهڙي خيرات آهي جيڪا حڪمران عوامي  بهبود ۽ ترقي جي  نالي تي ڏيهي ۽ پرڏيهي مالياتي  ادارن کان وٺندا آهن پر اها رقم عوام تائين پهچندي پهچندي هضم ٿي ويندي آهي.نتيجتن هن وقت ملڪ ۾ پئدا ٿيندڙ هر ٻار 60000 رپين  جو مقروض آهي
مهنگائي غريبن  جو جيئڻ جنجال ڪري ڇڏيو آهي.جيڪي تعليم ۽ صحت ته پري جي ڳالهـ پر  پنهنجي  ٻارن کي هڪ وقت جي ماني جو گرهـ مهيا ڪرڻ ۽ سندن تن ڍڪڻ لاءُ لٽو وٺڻ کان به لاچار آهن. ته ٻئي طرف حڪمرانن ۽ اميرن جا ٻار انهن اسڪولن ۾ تعليم پرائين ۽ کين جيڪي صحت جون سهولتون ميسر آهن تن  بابت سوچڻ به جنت جهڙي خواب مثل  آهي.

جنهن وقت  اسان جا حڪمران اي سي ڪمرن ۾ وهي بک ، بدحالي جي خاتمي ۽ امن قائم ڪرڻ لاءِ منگھڙت سوچ جي ڊرامي ۾ مصروف هوندا آهن . انهن ئي لمحن ۾    بي حسي جي انتها سبب ڪي ماڻهو بي گناهه مرندي ، بک وگهي تڙپندي ۽ پاڻي لاءِ پڪاريندي نظر ايندا آهن،پوءٌ به اسان جا حڪمران اها دعواع ڪندا رهندا آهن ته جمهوريت آهي، جي اها جمهوريت آهي ته پوءِ آدم ۽ هوا ڄاون جي خدڪشين جو ڪيس ڪنهن تي داخل ڪجي؟

هن ملڪ جي آبادي جو 51 سيڪڙو کان وڌيڪ عورتن تي مشتمل آهي جيڪي اڪثر ڪم ۾مشغول هونديون آهن پرسندن ان محنت کي ملڪي   GDP  جو حصو بنائڻ بجاءَ  ان کي گهرو ڪم چئي غير اهم سمجهو ويوآهي. ٻئي طرف اگر  ملڪي  ٽيڪس نظام  تي نظر ڦيرائبي تـ گهڻو تڻو ٽيڪس عورتن جي استعمال هيٺ شين تي آهي. جيڪا سراسري نا انصافي آهي. جيڪڏهن عورتن جي ڪم کي  گهرو ڪم سمجهي بي ملهـ قرار ڏنو وڃي ٿو ته کين  ٽيڪس کان بـ آجو قرار ڏنو وڃي ته بهتر ٿيندو.

اسان جا حڪمران عوامي بهبود جي باري ۾ سوچڻ جي بدران اهو سوچيندا رهندا آهن ته عوام کي ڪنهن به نموني سان معاشي بدحالي جي ڌٻڻ ۾ ڦاسائي رکڻو آهي، ته جيئن عوام کي حڪمرانن جي باري ۾ سوچڻ جو موقعو نه ملي ۽ حڪمران قومي خزاني تي اهڙي نموني سان هٿ صاف ڪري وڃن جو عوام اهو سوچيندو رهجي وڃي ته اهو سڀ ڪجهه ڪيئن ٿيو يا وري اهو ممڪن ئي ڪيئن آهي؟
حڪومت کي يا ته عوام جا مسئلا حل ڪرڻ گهرجن يا وري پاڻ جيان آءِ ايم ايف جو نوڪر يا تابعدار ٿيندي قرض لاءِ هٿ جهليو آهي تئين  عوام کي به چوڻ گهرجي ته اسان وٽ عوام کي رليف فراهم ڪرڻ لاءِ ڪو پيڪيج يا طريقو موجود ناهي، ان ڪري عوام پنڻ تي گذارو ڪري ۽ وري ايندڙ حڪومت جو انتظار ڪري متان اها عوام کي ڪو رليف فراهم ڪري وجھي

Rising Inequality in Pakistan

Rising inequality is a global phenomenon. Oxfam’s briefings paper ‘an economy for the 99%’ reports only eight men today have the same wealth as 3.6 billion world’s people. In the last three decades seven out of ten people living in a country have been facing inequality. Also the report mentions that in the next 25 years, the world will have a first trillionaire.

Besides this, every year economically stagnated countries cost $1000 billion in the shape of corporate tax dodging. This huge sum can provide education to 124 million children and prevent the deaths of at least 6 million children globally. On the other hand, global inequality has devastating consequences for low income countries like Pakistan.

The per capita income of Pakistan is $1629. Poor families can bear the cost of food, health, shelter, education and other fundamental needs for one year. Meanwhile, Bangladesh – a young country, has seen an increase of up to $1602 in its per capita income. It is very close to Pakistan.

Oxfam’s another report ‘Commitment to Reducing Inequality (CRI)’ ranks Pakistan at number 139 out of 152 countries. In spending on education, health and social protection, it is ranked on 146; progressive taxation is ranked at number 98 and in labour rights is ranked at number 118.

According to development experts of Pakistan, between 1998-99 and 2013-14 consumption-based poverty fell from 57.9pc to 29.5pc. Multidimensional poverty that comprises education, health and living standards has dropped from 55.2pc to 38.8pc between 2004-5 and 2014-15.

In addition, during 2013-14, the Gini coefficient was 0.41 and in the years 1987-88, it was 0.35. Besides, the richest 20pc in Pakistan spend seven times more than the poorest 20pc.

Currently, our country is on the trajectory of high economic deficit. This has caused 35pc people to live below the poverty line, around 22.4 million children are out of school, and 45pc are stunted.

Moreover, women’s unpaid care work is not measured in any data. They are not paid equal wages. Around 63pc youth spend their life impractically.

Income and wealth inequality is from top to bottom. Only 22 persons in the country have billions of wealth and reserves. The rest spend their life in hunger and poverty.

Education and health infrastructures are on the verge of collapse. Institutions are rotten. Moral and ethical values are decaying.

In addition, extreme inequalities cause rampant corruption in the society, obstruct economic growth, irregular wealth and income distribution, moral and ethical iniquities, and adversely affect labor and human rights.

This portrays an intimidating picture of the country’s overall economic scenario.

Civil society organizations (CSOs), public sector organizations and INGOs in Pakistan are working more on issues like poverty, gender disparity, water, food rights etc. Thus far the root cause of all these issues ‘inequality’ is untouched and un-debated.

Undoubtedly inequality is a highly political debate, as is entrenched in government policies and institutions. However it needs to be triggered with people, civil society, policy makers and parliamentarians to initiate discourse in the country.

Inequality needs to be controlled now. CRI index shows that some African countries through spending on education, health and social protection have controlled inequality.

The government needs to increase spending on education, health, and social protection, and to provide equal labor wages – both men and women. The government should revamp and reform taxation system – to bring progressive and just tax systems.

 

WORLD FOOD DAY 2017

World food day held every year on 16th of October. This year the theme of world food day is ‘change the future of migration: invest in food security and rural development’

          The theme signifies the importance of creating conditions and opportunities for people residing in rural areas especially youth to engage themselves in the development of agriculture and make the people able to withstand difficult conditions.

Migration is something in which people move from one place to another due to several reasons. Following are some of the major causes due to which people are migrating from rural to urban areas:

  • Violence
  • Natural disasters
  • Lack of facilities
  • Hunger
  • Poverty
  • Natural resource depletion
  • Food insecurity
  • Inequality
  • Unemployment
  • Limited access to social protection

These are the major factors contributing to migration challenges. Rural poor people face many difficulties in accessing financial support, services, technologies, and markets which allow them to improve the productivity of their natural resources and labor.

Rural development can address such factors which force the people to make business opportunities and jobs for the rural people. These opportunities must not be based on agriculture (such as dairy, poultry, food processing or horticulture enterprises). But as we know more than half countries of the world especially central Asia are agriculture countries so it must be important to provide residing people a better livelihood, jobs, business opportunities etc.

People are considered food secure when they have availability and adequate access at all time to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life. This can only be possible when they are provided with sufficient food etc.

What should we do to change the future of migration?

First, we should understand that about almost three-quarters of people livelihood is based on agriculture and other activities that are performed in the village. One solution is that we should especially the government should invest in food security issues and also on rural development to decrease the rate of migration. People living in rural areas must be provided with enough facilities that they don’t choose the option migration instead they do business and other possible jobs in rural areas to contribute to the development of rural areas. To improve food security following points must be kept in mind;

  • Food must be available in sufficient quantities and on consistent basis
  • People must be able to acquire adequate amount of food by purchasing, home production, borrowing and other feasible possibilities
  • Consumed food must have positive nutritional impact on the health of people

The ministry should distribute water tanks to the area where there is a scarcity of water.

Migration is a part of the process of development and economies undergoes structural transformation and people search for better employment opportunities within and across the countries. It can contribute to economic growth, improve food security and rural development.

All is needed for the decision maker is to listen and implement so that future of migration can be changed.