World Food Day 2017: Change the future of migration, invest in food security and rural development

World food day theme for this year: change the future of migration, invest in food security and rural development. Theme highlighted the main issue of developing countries where people face more climatic and social issues and disasters, in these circumstances they mostly end up to migrate to better place seeking the better future and security.

Food security is about the state of having sufficient food quantity and good nutritional quality in the affordable range. While in our country Pakistan the main cause of food insecurity is climatic changes which are drastically affected our crop production. Our country is blessed with agricultural biodiversity although from the past few decade our average yield is doubled hunger and malnutrition persist as usual.

Due to the change in climate, our agricultural biodiversity is at great risk. Our agricultural landscape is being uninformed by growing certain specific varieties which are homogenizing our diversity which lead to a narrow range of crops.

According to my view, we have to change with the change of climate and more likely to secure our agriculture production and rural society. More than half of nation is on the risk of malnutrition cause our staple food is wheat, rice, corn and pulses which is deficient in vitamin A, iron and zinc we have diversified our farm production to fulfill the proper need of nutrient.

As the proportion of urbanization is increasing on highest rate in our regions according to international survey which is also the cause of food insecurity .when we talk about our food system future we must take notice on rural-urban linkage as more of our population is living under urban centre or they are migrating to the urbanization because of declining income of farmer, so we have more consumer then the producers. The rural population is moving out of farming or fields and making other ways of earning as in industries and services.

Policymakers should have to consider the small town for development and take steps for rural transformation where you can globalize the agriculture and food system and develop the Deprived villages into small cities with more activities and well resourced .this ultimately change the future of migration and by rural transformation we can invest in better food system and by Giving good governance in term of rural-urban linkage we can transform our system.

 

 

 

عالمی خوراک کا دن

س ملک میں جھاں ایک طرف چند فیصد اشرافیہ اپنے شاھانہ انداز سے جیتی ھے وھیں دوسری طرف غربت و افلاس کی ماری عوام جنھیں نہ دنیا کی نا آخرت کی خبر جنھیں ھر حال میں صرف نظر انداز ھی کیا جاتا ھے ۔ ان قسمت کے ماروں کی ساری زندگی کا حال لکھوں یا صرف انکی غربت کا تذکرہ کروں ان کے سارے غم و الم لکھوں یا صرف دو وقت کی روٹی پہ بات کروں

ہر سال 16 اکتوبر کو خوراک کا عالمی دن منایا جاتا ہے مگر ضرورت تو بھوک کے عالمی دن منانے کی ہے اگر اپنے ملک کا حال بتاؤں  تو چند عشروں پہلے یہاں  غربت تو تھی مگر بھوک کا نام ونشان نہیں تھا جب غریب آدمی کو بھوک ستاتی ہے تو وہ ظالم چور ڈاکو ، لٹیرا اور دہشت گرد بن جاتا ہے دنیا میں کرائم ریٹ ذیادہ ہو جاتا ہے ۔اور  ہم اپنی خوراک کو ضائع  تو کر دیتے ہیں مگر کسی غریب کا لقمہ نہیں بننے دیتے

اقوام متحدہ کے ادارے FAO کے مطابق ھم ہر روز چالیس فیصد کھانا ضائع کر دیتے ہیں

اور دوسری طرف روزانہ پچانوے ملین انسان کھانا نہیں کھا پاتا یہ تقریبا ایک ارب بنتا ہے روزانہ سات میں سے ایک انسان بھوکا سوتا ہے اور ہم ہر روز مختلف اقسام کے کھانے بے فکری سے کھا جاتے ہیں ۔ ہم ہر سال جتنا کھانا ضائع کرتے ہیں آدہی دنیا مل کر اتنا اناج ایک سال میں اگاتی ہے ۔ ہم بانٹنا نہیں جانتے بس چھیننا جانتے ہیں ہم اگر کسی کو دینے پہ رضامند ہو بھی جائیں تب تک وہ چیز استعمال کے قابل نہیں رہتی

خوراک کی قلت کی اصل وجہ کھانے کا بے دریغ استعمال اور لوگوں کا شہروں کی طرف نقل مکانی کا رجحان ہے

اس ملک میں  ستر فیصد آبادی گاؤں میں رہا کرتی تھی مگر اب شہری آبادی میں تیزی سے اضافہ ہو رہا ہے دیہات کے سادہ لوح لوگ اپنی خوراک کے معاملے میں خود کفیل تھے  ہر گھر اپنی ضرورت کی سبزیاں اور اناج خود اگاتا تھا مگر وقت کے ساتھ جب انسان انڈسٹریلزم کے اس دور میں آیا تو سادگی کی جگہ دکھاوے نے لے لی ۔ہم نے دیسی کھانوں کو خیر آباد کہ دیا اور پزا برگر اور شوارمے جیسی لوازمات کے اسیر ہو گئے ۔ صحت مند گوشت کی جگہ برائلر نے لے لی ۔ ٹھنڈے مشروبات اور لسی کی جگہ کوک اور پیپسی آگئ دیسی گھی کو بناسپتی گھی میں بدل دیا گیا

وہ زمین جو ہمارے لیے گندم چاول کپاس اور دوسرے اجناس اگاتی تھی اس زمین پر لوگوں نے فیکٹریاں لگا لیں اور زمین کو بنجر بنا دیا گیا

فیکٹریوں کے ویسٹ نے زیر زمین پانی کو آلودہ کر دیا جس سے بیش بہا بیماریوں نے جنم لے لیا

اگر ہم چاہتے ہیں اس دنیا سے بھوک اور افلاس کا خاتمہ ہو جائے ہمیں دیہی ترقی کی طرف آنا ہوگا ۔ گاؤں کے لوگوں کو ، کسانوں کو غلہ اور اناج اگانے کی طرف راغب کرنا ہو گا ۔ خوراک کے بے جا استعمال کو روکنا ہوگا ۔ شادی بیاہ پہ خوراک کے ضیاع کو روکنا ۔ نصاب میں اس مسئلے اور عنوان پہ اسباق شامل کیے جائیں تا کہ لوگوں میں شعور اور آگہی آسکے ۔

“Migration Should Be Choice, Not Necessity”

Food is a part of our culture. World Food Day is an opportunity to recognize this and help the farmer who is its backbone. Every year WFD is celebrated on 16th October to overcome the poverty, hunger, and migration caused due to a shortage of food. More than 150 countries celebrate WFD. There is a fact that 1 in 8 people are undernourished. In 2010: 20,000 children died from starvation. Climate is changing food and agriculture too. Every year 26 million people are displaced by climate and natural disasters.

Pakistan is an agricultural country. In rural areas where the main source of bread and butter is agriculture, climatic factors are acting adversely on crops. Being a student of Entomology and belonging to a rural area I have come to know that huge amount of destruction to crops especially wheat crop, is caused by insects from sowing till harvesting, even at storage places. So, if good and well-developed pesticides and insecticides companies are constructed in rural areas, this will give the job opportunity to unemployed deserving people in the area will cause a huge difference. Besides these, the factors that are involved in poverty and hunger are lack of jobs and low investment in the agriculture sector. So, if awareness is awake in the farmer, jobs are awarded to unemployed people, construction of godown and excellent food storage techniques will help to overcome the hunger and poverty in the world.

In short, a sustainable agriculture system must be developed to ensure the affordable food supply for all.

                                          

 

 

 

CHANGE THE FUTURE OF MIGRATION, INVEST IN FOOD SECURITY AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT

Migration means leaving one place and moving into a different place to seek better chances to improve one’s life. No doubt that migration does help host countries by increasing their skilled workforce and by providing them with more intellectual minds to work and boost their economics.

In 2015, the number of people migrating was up to 1 out of every 7 people in the world.Every picture has two sides, so on a darker aspect, migration brings lose to the home country and the immigrants as well because it is not easy to leave your homeland behind and start living on another place, working from zero again. As a habitant of an underdeveloped and developing countries, one has to struggle for the basic necessities of life i.e. food, shelter and clothing.

As we know that in the past few decades, the migration rate from Pakistan to abroad has increased immensely, mostly due to lack of resources and job opportunities in Pakistan. An educated person needs a good job in order to live well, but the main reasons for migrations from Pakistan are mainly poverty, hunger, climate changes and no jobs available.

From such conditions, the most impacted parts are the rural areas that lack basic schooling facilities. First of all, their children remain illiterate mainly due to poverty and also due to lack of awareness of the importance of education. Secondly, even if a child works hard to complete his schooling still he has to struggle a lot for his higher education as there are no higher education setups in Pakistan’s rural areas and in urban areas, they are way too expensive for a farmer or any villager to afford.

So our government needs to invest in policies of food securities and rural development so that these farmers are provided with the right tools and taught the techniques to produce more profit with less investment.