Can You Swim In A Sea Of Plastic?

Plastic pollution is an emerging issue all over the world and is being discussed on local to global levels. Plastics are polymers produced by the polymerization of monomers. Plastics are made from naphtha, a byproduct of petroleum and gas refining. Actually, Naphtha is a waste product. So, it is good to approach to use Naphtha for making such valuable products. Plastic has become an indispensable material in modern society. There is a significant increase in the demand of plastics since industrial revolution because of its unique properties (strength, flexibility, low cost, easily available raw material etc.) and is involved in everyday items e.g. tables, chairs, computers, shopping bags etc.

Besides all the uses, benefits of plastics the problem is that it is nonbiodegradable and can stay in the open environment for hundreds of years (500 years). It takes very long time to degrade in the open environment. It releases methane gas during degradation that is a potent greenhouse gas. It destroys the aesthetic beauty of the environment and kills millions of animals due to choking every year. Millions of animals are dying because of plastic pollution. Especially birds and water organisms. Sea turtles, seals, sea lions, fish, whale, dolphin, sea birds etc. are most affected due to plastic pollution.

Worldwide, one million plastic bags and one million plastic bottles are used every minute. About,50% of our plastic use is single use (disposable) and it contains 10% of the total waste generated. The global production of plastics was 311 million tons in 2014and is expected to reach 1.2 billion tons by 2050.8 million tons of plastic ends up in the ocean each year. That is the equivalent to one garbage truck per minute and at that rate, it could increase two trucks per minute by 2030 and four by 2050”.If the present scenario continues then, by 2050ocean will have more plastic than fish.

Many solutions were proposed to this problem e.g. banning plastics, replacing plastics, imposing extra taxes on plastics, imposing stricter laws etc. The best solution to plastics pollution is“Oxo-biodegradable plastics”.Oxo-biodegradable plastics contains a small amount of additive(transition metal salte.g. Mn etc.) that promotes degradation of plastics in natural environments after its service life. One of these additives is D2W- Designed to Waste.D2W is a special additive made by Symphony Environmental (A UK based Firm) to make plastics smarter and control their life. It breaks the long chains of carbohydrate in plastics responsible for its strength and flexibility after the end of its pre-determined service life and converts the plastics into a material that is no longer plastics and easily be assimilated by microbes in the environment. It also stabilizes the properties of plastics e.g. stability, flexibility, strength and prevent premature degradation and prevents release methane during degradation while bio-based plastics do so. Business Dynamics is distributing this special additive in Pakistan to tackle plastic pollution. Many countries now have rules and regulation about the use of Oxo-biodegradable plastics e.g. UAE, KSA, Pakistan, UK etc. These countries are promoting and advising the use of Oxo-biodegradable plastics by making laws, conducting awareness seminars etc.

Another effective solution to avoid shopping bag pollution is to increase the thickness of plastic bags. Plastic bags with lower thickness can move from one place to other by wind etc. stuck to a tree etc. and may be confused by animals as food, and leading to death by choking. India increased thickness from 20 microns to 50 microns. Similarly, in Pakistan, Islamabad, KPK, AJK increased thickness, Sindh imposed a ban on non-biodegradable plastic bags, while Punjab and Baluchistan are working to increase the thickness of plastic bags. Instead of using one-time use of plastic bags we must use same shopping bag again and again. Plastic bags must not be available for free. Shopkeeper must charge for plastic bags to reduce plastic consumption. The government must also impose a levy on plastic bags to lower their consumption.

We also need to focus on cloth bags. We must use a cloth bag instead of plastic bags to tackle this issue. Companies using pet e.g. Mineral Water Companies, Cold Drink Companies etc. must promote recycling by introducing schemes like “Return Empty Bottle and Get Reward”. This will also help in reducing plastic burden.

 

 

Be good to Environment, it will be good to you.

A few days ago I was traveling with my grandfather along the roads of LAHORE. Gossips are being done among us and suddenly a topic of discussion started on “Environment” and I was really shocked when my grandfather emphasize loudly that man has vanished the environment both implicitly and explicitly, curiously I asked them that how I don’t get your point and he answer me in detail and below I am sharing it with you.

He started by defining the environment as: “Environment is everything around us. It may be in a geographical form or spiritual form”

A geographical environment can be defined as all the physical things around human under, above or around him which may affect their life in any perspective. The examples are quoted as   mountains, rivers, atmosphere and many more

Whereas spiritual environment is deeply in link with human behaviours. It includes relations of people with each other, their dependence on each other etc.

He said: “We won’t have the society if we destroy our environment”

Looking outside the car window, he pointed out, towards some burning bags which are causing jet black smoke and told me that ‘Every action has equal and opposite nature’ as we people are destroying our nature by our such worst activities we must hope that environment is also going to harm us with same force and even it is happening .  We are playing a foul game with it, it will also play a foul game with us.

First we discussed, how we are destroying our environment. The major reason is pollution we are polluting our nature in various ways and the centre of appetite is traffic pollution. We are increasing our number of vehicles day by day without knowing its harms. The smoke of the traffic vehicle is containing tiny particles which are very injurious to our health as well as for our environment also. On the other side, our industry is also playing a crucial role in defaming the environment. The water from industries in going on to mix with pure water of river as well as it is also spoiling underground water.

Now an important thing that I was noting is changes in climate. As summer is not on time, it is getting long and long, low rainfalls, contraction of winter tenure, seasons are getting mild and mild day by day and many more all are because of changes in the environment. Global warming is a great issue which is damaging our environment day by day. It is damaging us in many ways. Temperature is going on an increase, as well as it is affecting health as well such as skin cancer etc.

He told me that human for theircentre of appetite cutting hills, forests, using nuclear program that is damaging our environment. Nature has provided us lush green and healthy environment but humans are going to change it. They are making it even worst. Cutting of trees is the backbone issue of pollution. Humans are not happy with nature as it is. Human is CROWN OF ALL CREATURES but kept their eyes close in the matter of environment and its stability. Human is worse in relative to destroying the environment.

Change in environment has many effects on human life in several ways. It can effect physically or behaviourally. While talking about physical effects it as

  • Health effects
  • Pollution effects
  • Climatic effects
  • Food effects

And many more

The important thing here is to discuss the spiritual effects of changes in environment. Environment has damaged human spiritually a lot as:

  • Harshness in behaviour:

Humans are getting harsh and harsh day by day. People have zero patience in them. They are not agree to tolerate even a little issue. People are fighting with each other on lame basis.  If we compare a human of today with a man of a century ago he was cool minded, he doesn’t argue or fight on non-genuine issues. He has qualities of tolerance but now it is not in sight. This all is happening just because environment is not healthy. There are many particles in atmosphere which made him nerves full of anxiety.

  • Mentally disturbed human:

Today a human is mentally disturbed. He is a patient of anxiety and depression. Even ill children are also facing this problem and all is due to their environment. People are living in such environment where there is no mental peace. People are surrounded with injurious things and most important is Noise pollution. Noise pollution has effected a human a lot and made him a patient.

  • Role of technology:

Technology has also played an important role in human’s life. With the time there is advancement in technology and with many merits technology is spreading people from one another. Mobiles, laptops, internet usage limited people to their rooms and cut off them from family and friends and people are in lugged in idle pursuits. Advancement in technology also affected human environment very badly but its effect is only dependent upon human that how he uses it.

After much discussion, he stopped and said now let’s talk about some positive perspective and said

“PURE ENVIRONMENT HAS PURE MINDS”

The environment has gifted a lot to a man. The man has to be thankful for the environment for many blessings as a human can still enjoy a healthy and sound life. The environment has a great effect on lives of people so still, there are many good people who influence the society in good manners. Hazard Muhammad S.A.W and Abdul Sitar in Delhi are great examples who change the whole environment and spread peace, love, and care.

The environment can be very beneficial if it is treated in well and kind way. We all know as you sow, so shall you reap. The same case is in the environment, if we are environment-friendly then environment has also a great friendlier behaviour.  It totally depends upon us that how we are, if we use pollution free vehicles, chimneys in burners, properly dispose of things then the environment will not harm us. We all are born of this environment and it’s our duty to take care of the environment.

While in this time we reach home and he concluded as:The environment is everything around us and the changes made by humans are harming it, in the result Environment is harming us.

Be good to Environment, it will be good to you.

And adopt some precautionary measures as

    Avoid spreading pollution

    be nature-friendly

    Plant the trees

    Save natural heritance

    Share this message with all

Food Security

Food security as defined by the united nations committee on world food security is the condition in which all people, at all times, have physical social and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Food security is a condition related to the supply of food and individual’s access to it. There is evidence of granaries being in use over 10,000 years ago, with central authorities in civilizations including ancient China and ancient Egypt were known to release food from storage in times of famine.

At the 1974 world food conference, the term ‘food security ‘was defined with an emphasis on supply. Food security, they said, is the availability at all times of adequate world food supplies of basic foodstuff, to sustain a steady prolongation of food consumption and to energize fluctuation in production and prices. Household food security exists when all members, at all times, have access to enough food for an active healthy life. Individuals who are food secure do in live in hunger or fear of starvation food insecurity, on the other hand, is a situation of limited or capricious availability of nutritionally passable and safe food or limited or mercurial ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways.

According to united states department of agricultural (USDA) food security incorporation a measure of resilience to future disruption or unavailability of critical food supply due to various risk factors including droughts, shipping disruptions, fuel shortages, economic instability, and wars. In the year 2011-13, an estimated 842 million people were suffering from chronic hunger. The food and agriculture or organization of the United Nations identified the four pillars of food security as availability, access, utilization, and stability. The United Nations (UN) recognized the right to food in the declaration of human rights in 1948. And has since noted that it is vital for the enjoyment of all other rights. The 1996 world summit on food security declared that ‘food should not be used as an instrument for political and economic pressure.

According to the international center for trade and sustainable developments failed agricultural market regulation and the lack of anti-dumping mechanisms cause much of the world’s food security and malnutrition.

Thus we can conclude that food security is of great importance because the greater security provided to food will leads to the healthier environment and healthy environment is perhaps one of the essential requirement for economic development. So, we cannot deny the momentousness of food security.

Yet We havent learned to Walk

The folks don’t have leisure for their generations, it’s the reality and we are even in dome state as our eyes are open but we are unable to see that. Let me make you realize some of the core ailment’s that are challenging. I remember once the professor said “mind is a terrible thing to waste”

Though the burden being generated by us for our descendants is piling up right now, this pose of some middle-aged scientists would make you think that how much busy we are in our conversations, routines and so-called activities from our daily life. They had forgotten what was behind them, they had forgotten the coming life’s and indulge their selves in their own.

Here I have this picture being taken on a study tour of research students but the matter of consideration is that they aren’t aware of the polluted environment and busy in chat and the selfie session which is considered as much important as drinking water at the time of @saftaar. But hereby I pledge to all the communities, casts, societies and whatever you feel proud calling be unite when it comes to cleanliness as our religion emphasis on this particular issue. This should be our priority to come up with solutions as might few would say what are the comprehensive solutions in this sort of idea.

let’s just dive into these:

  1. Make yourself feel that it’s your issue, just start owing it
  2. Start addressing this issue
  3. Do something for the betterment
  4. Don’t feel bad when you heard the things about you, because whenever you will do something worthwhile there will be criticism

Nowadays we are not taking these environmental issues as seriously as it needs to be that’s why I said we haven’t learned to walk because it’s the place where we live in so we have to be concerned about that. what awesome words said, Robert Swan:

“The greatest threat to our planet is the believe that someone else will it