Climate change and agriculture are reticular procedures, both of which take place on a global scale. Climate change affects agriculture in many ways such as nutritional quality reduction of many foods, temperature, rainfall, food security and so on.
Climate change is already affecting agriculture with lowered crop products in low latitude countries. Climate change also has a devastating impact on food security as well. Due to climate change average crop yield is likely to drop to 50% in Pakistan reported by the Met office scenario. Rapid climate change could double the harm on agriculture in those countries which are already suffering from poor soil and climate conditions.
In central and south Asia crop yields might decreases up to 30% predicted by International Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). As, Pakistan is an agro-based and ranked 12th among other countries of the world that are predicted to be sternly over blown by climate change.
During the last two decades, 200 million have been hoist out of hunger and ubiquity of long term mal-nutrition in children has been decreased from 40 to 26%. Regardless of this progress, according to World Bank 702 million people still live in extreme poverty. According to last year report on the state of food insecurity in the world (SOFI), 793 million people are undernourished.
Moreover, due to chronic and gradual climate risk, sea-level will rise as a result of climate change, that could affect the livelihood in coastal areas and river deltas. Climate change affects all proportions of food security and nutrition such as food availability, food access, food utilization and food stability.