The term “climate change” is often used to refer specifically to anthropogenic climate change (also known as global warming). Anthropogenic climate change is caused by human activity, as opposed to changes in climate that may have resulted as part of Earth’s natural processes.
- One of the four periods of the year (spring, summer, autumn, and winter), beginning astronomically at an equinox or solstice, but geographically at different dates in different climates.
- A period of the year characterized by particular conditions of weather, temperature, etc.: the rainy season.
- Pakistan is mainly depends on agriculture
- Lacks of modern technical resources
- Adequate monetary system
- Water Resources
- Forestry and Land use
- Extreme Effects
- Costal zones
Climate change is one in all the largest issues the complete world is jointly facing. The deterioration of the earth’s climate can be seen and felt most clearly in South East Asia, significantly Pakistan.
“Climate change is no longer some far-off problem; it is happening here, it is happening now”
Climate change has been one of the most talked regarding issue, significantly since the beginning of the twenty 1st century. There are variety of things contributing to the increasingly erratic weather patterns being witnessed everywhere the globe, with carbon emissions being the major one. According to German watch, publisher of the temperature change Performance Index (CCPI), Pakistan is the seventh most vulnerable country to climate change. As a developing country, with abject financial condition and severely restricted resources, climate change has the potential to become the largest and most harmful problem for Pakistan in the future. But the saddest realization is that even if Pakistan is classified as one of the most vulnerable countries with reference to climate change, it is not a major emitter of greenhouse gasses. In fact, Pakistan’s emission levels are negligible, standing at a mere 0.7 % of the total world emissions. Simply put, Pakistan is a victim of climate change.
Impact of Climate Change in Pakistan
- Social, environmental and economic impacts caused by climate change are of great concern in developing countries like Pakistan.
- Pakistan is usually facing natural hazards like floods, droughts, and cyclones.
- Pakistan’s greenhouse gases emissions have doubled in last 2 decades.
- The seasonal changes are changing sowing time for crops which consequently changes irrigation requirements which modify the properties of soil and increase the risk of pest and disease attack, negatively altering agricultural productivity.
- The recent studies indicate that Pakistan’s 22.8% land and 49.6% population is at risk due to impacts of climate change.
- Climate change scenarios have resulted in an increase in the epidemic potential for 12-27 percent for malaria and 31-47 percent of dengue.
Some Ways to Reduce Climate Change
- More and more trees should be planted.
- Energy should be used efficiently.
- Renewable power sources should be adopted
- The loss of water in any form should be checked
- Use eco-friendly appliances.
- The treatment of industrial waste should be made mandatory all over the world.
- Plastic should not be used. Environment-friendly shopper bags should be used.
- Use of aerosol sprays should be minimized.
- The misuse of fertilizers should be avoided.
- Water should be used wisely.
- The power generation should be done by environmental friendly means.
- Conservation practices should be adopted regarding agriculture.